The complexation of VO(IV) ion with citrate (L(3-)), D-, L- and DL-tartrate (L(2-)) at high ligand to metal molar ratios was studied in aqueous solution through the combined application of potentiometric, spectroscopic (UV-vis and EPR) and electrochemical (cyclic voltammetry) techniques. Unlike in equimolar solution, mononuclear and not dinuclear species are formed with the binding of carboxylate-COO(-) and alcoholate-O(-) donors yielding mono- and bis-chelated species with VOLH, VOL, VOLH(-1) and VOL(2)H(-2) composition; for tartrates also the "sugar-like" (O(-), O(-)) coordination is involved in the vanadium binding at basic pH values giving rise to the formation of VOL(2)H(-3) and VOL(2)H(-4) complexes. Among the species formed, VOL(2)H(-2) is characterised by a strong distortion towards the trigonal bipyramid with the two V-O(alcoholate) bonds in the equatorial and the two V-O(carboxylate) bonds in the axial positions. The geometry and electronic absorption spectra of such complexes were simulated by DFT methods and it was found that in aqueous solution the distortion follows the steric hindrance of the substituents on the alpha-carbon atom and the hydrophobicity of the ligands. The results were compared with those displayed by simple alpha-hydroxycarboxylates (glycolate, 2-hydroxyisobutyrate, 2-ethyl-2-hydroxybutyrate and benzilate). The trigonal bipyramidal distortion was correlated with the values of: i) Delta lambda = lambda(2)-lambda(3), where lambda(2) and lambda(3) are the central bands in the electronic absorption spectrum; ii) vertical bar A(x)-A(y)vertical bar, where A(x) and A(y) are the (51)V hyperfine coupling constants along the x and y axes in the anisotropic EPR spectrum; iii) the half-wave potential E(1/2) of oxidation of VO(IV) to the corresponding VO(2)(V) species in the cyclic voltammogram. Finally, a discussion on the possible form of VO(IV)-citrate complexes in blood serum is presented, where it is found that the most relevant species under physiological conditions should be [VO(citrH(-1))](2-).
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|Titolo:||Potentiometric, spectroscopic, electrochemical and DFT characterization of oxovanadium(IV) complexes formed by citrate and tartrates in aqueous solution at high ligand to metal molar ratios: the effects of the trigonal bipyramidal distortion in bis-chelated species and biological implications|
GARRIBBA, Eugenio (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|