The photodegradation of the aryloxyphenoxy propionic herbicide cyhalofop-butyl (2R)-2-[4-(4-cyano-2-fluorophenoxy)phenoxy]butylpropanoate CyB), and of its primary metabolite (2R)-2-[4-(4-cyano-2-fluorophenoxy)phenoxy]propanoic acid (CyA) was studied in water at different irradiation wavelengths. The sunlight irradiation was investigated also in the presence of humic acid (HA), Fe oxide, titanium dioxide (TiO(2)) and zinc oxide (ZnO) as photocatalysts. CyB and CyA were rapidly degraded by UV irradiation. CyB afforded the butyl ester of 2-[3-(4-cyano-2-fluorophenyl)-4-hydroxy-phenoxy]propanoic acid (Cyl), a metabolite arising from a photo-Fries rearrangement. Instead, CyA yielded (R)-2-4-(4-carboxyl-2-fluorophenoxy)phenoxypropanoic acid (CyD), a dicarboxylic acid arising from the photo-hydrolysis of cyano group via amide. CyB was stable in simulated sunlight also in the presence of the catalysts tested. The irradiation of a CyA solution, in the presence of HA or Fe oxide, with simulated sunlight did not produce any significant degradation. In the same experimental conditions, CyA was totally mineralized in the presence of TiO(2) and ZnO. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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|Titolo:||Direct and indirect photolysis of cyhalofop in aqueous systems|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|