In this paper, we study two variants of the problem of adding edges to a graph so as to reduce the resulting diameter. More precisely, given a graph G=(V,E)G=(V,E), and two positive integers DD and BB, the Minimum-Cardinality Bounded-Diameter Edge Addition (MCBD) problem is to find a minimum-cardinality set FF of edges to be added to GG in such a way that the diameter of G+FG+F is less than or equal to DD, while the Bounded-Cardinality Minimum-Diameter Edge Addition (BCMD) problem is to find a set FF of BB edges to be added to GG in such a way that the diameter of G+FG+F is minimized. Both problems are well known to be NP-hard, as well as approximable within O(lognlogD)O(lognlogD) and 44 (up to an additive term of 2), respectively. In this paper, we improve these long-standing approximation ratios to O(logn)O(logn) and to 22 (up to an additive term of 2), respectively. As a consequence, we close, in an asymptotic sense, the gap on the approximability of MCBD, which was known to be not approximable within clognclogn, for some constant c>0c>0, unless P=NPP=NP. Remarkably, as we further show in the paper, our approximation ratio remains asymptotically tight even if we allow for a solution whose diameter is optimal up to a multiplicative factor approaching View the MathML source53. On the other hand, on the positive side, we show that at most twice of the minimal number of additional edges suffices to get at most twice of the required diameter. Some of our results extend to the edge-weighted version of the problems.

Improved approximability and non-approximability results for graph diameter decreasing problems / Bilò, Davide; Gualà, Luciano; Proietti, Guido. - In: THEORETICAL COMPUTER SCIENCE. - ISSN 0304-3975. - 417:(2012), pp. 12-22. [10.1016/j.tcs.2011.05.014]

### Improved approximability and non-approximability results for graph diameter decreasing problems

#### Abstract

In this paper, we study two variants of the problem of adding edges to a graph so as to reduce the resulting diameter. More precisely, given a graph G=(V,E)G=(V,E), and two positive integers DD and BB, the Minimum-Cardinality Bounded-Diameter Edge Addition (MCBD) problem is to find a minimum-cardinality set FF of edges to be added to GG in such a way that the diameter of G+FG+F is less than or equal to DD, while the Bounded-Cardinality Minimum-Diameter Edge Addition (BCMD) problem is to find a set FF of BB edges to be added to GG in such a way that the diameter of G+FG+F is minimized. Both problems are well known to be NP-hard, as well as approximable within O(lognlogD)O(lognlogD) and 44 (up to an additive term of 2), respectively. In this paper, we improve these long-standing approximation ratios to O(logn)O(logn) and to 22 (up to an additive term of 2), respectively. As a consequence, we close, in an asymptotic sense, the gap on the approximability of MCBD, which was known to be not approximable within clognclogn, for some constant c>0c>0, unless P=NPP=NP. Remarkably, as we further show in the paper, our approximation ratio remains asymptotically tight even if we allow for a solution whose diameter is optimal up to a multiplicative factor approaching View the MathML source53. On the other hand, on the positive side, we show that at most twice of the minimal number of additional edges suffices to get at most twice of the required diameter. Some of our results extend to the edge-weighted version of the problems.
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2012
Improved approximability and non-approximability results for graph diameter decreasing problems / Bilò, Davide; Gualà, Luciano; Proietti, Guido. - In: THEORETICAL COMPUTER SCIENCE. - ISSN 0304-3975. - 417:(2012), pp. 12-22. [10.1016/j.tcs.2011.05.014]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: `https://hdl.handle.net/11388/49043`
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