PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of low-fluence compared with standard-fluence rate photodynamic therapy (PDT) for treating chronic central serous chorioretinopathy. DESIGN: Prospective, multicenter, investigator-masked, nonrandomized clinical trial. METHODS: Forty-two eyes (42 patients) with chronic central serous chorioretinopathy were enrolled; 19 eyes received indocyanine green angiography-guided standard-fluence PDT (50 J/cm(2)) and 23 eyes received indocyanine green angiography-guided low-fluence PDT (25 J/cm(2)). Primary outcome measures were the changes in mean logarithm of the minimal angle of resolution best-corrected visual acuity and the rate of eyes with complete subretinal fluid reabsorption. Secondary outcomes were the changes in central foveal thickness and choroidal perfusion. RESULTS: Mean logarithm of the minimal angle of resolution best-corrected visual acuity improved significantly at all time points (P < .01), in the standard-fluence group from 0.43 to 0.24 at 12 months and in the low-fluence-group from 0.46 to 0.16, without significant difference between the 2 groups. At 12 months, a complete subretinal fluid reabsorption was seen in 15 standard-fluence-treated and 21 low-fluence-treated eyes (79% vs 91%; P = .5). In 1 standard-fluence eye, choroidal neovascularization developed at 3 months, and this eye received further PDT; in the other eyes, at 12 months, a moderate-significant choriocapillaris nonperfusion was seen in 8 standard-fluence-treated and 0 low-fluence-treated eyes (44% vs 0%; P = .002). CONCLUSIONS: In most of the eyes, both standard-fluence PDT and low-fluence PDT resulted in complete subretinal fluid reabsorption with visual acuity improvement. Choroidal hypoperfusion related to PDT could be reduced by low-fluence PDT.
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|Titolo:||Standard-fluence versus low-fluence photodynamic therapy in chronic central serous chorioretinopathy: a nonrandomized clinical trial.|
|Autori interni:||BOSCIA, Francesco|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Rivista:||AMERICAN JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|