We compared Tc-99m-Tetrofosmin P-SPECT with radioguided SN biopsy in 101 T1/T2 BC pis to predict axillary lymph node status. The day before surgery all pis underwent lymphoscintigraphy (LS) to mark the SN, following subdermal injection of Tc-99m-colloidal sulphur surrounding the breast lesion. LS was combined with pre and intraoperative gamma probe. Previously, all pis had also undergone P-SPECT. ALND was performed in all cases. The SN(s) was detected in 97/101 cases (96%) by LS and gamma probe; in the 4 missed cases P-SPECT predicted lymph node status. In the 97 comparable cases, radioguided SN biopsy showed a slightly higher accuracy than P-SPECT (94.8% vs 93.8%), but a higher false-negative rate (14.3% vs 8.6%); P-SPECT had a higher NPV (95.2% vs 92.5%). The two procedures when combined achieved 100% accuracy. Radio-guided SN biopsy alone had 100% accuracy only in pis with BC < 15 mm. P-SPECT had 3 false negative cases, 2 of which were micrometastatic SNs, and 3 false positives. P-SPECT identified 81.2% of cases with a single node, determined the exact number of nodes in 82.6% of cases with I to 3 node and correctly classified 93.7% of pts as having less than or equal to3 or >3 metastatic nodes. Radioguided SN biopsy seems indicated in selected, early stage, small BC pts, while P-SPECT shows a high sensitivity independent of primary tumor size, giving additional important preoperative prognostic information. The two procedures combined provided a better axillary lymph node status prediction in T1/T2 carcinomas, and could thus improve ALND pt selection.
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|Titolo:||Tc-99m-tetrofosmin pinhole-SPECT (P-SPECT) and radioguided sentinel node (SN) biopsy and in breast cancer axillary lymph node staging|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|