1. We showed previously that interaction between NO and iron(II), both released following decomposition of sodium nitroprusside (SNP), accounted for the late SNP-induced dopamine (DA) increase in dialysates from the striatum of freely moving rats. 2. In this study, intrastriatal infusion of the NO-donor S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP) (0.2 mM for 180 min) induced a moderate increase in dialysate DA and decreases in ascorbic acid dialysate concentrations; in contrast, SNAP 1 mM infusion induced a long-lasting decrease in both DA and ascorbic acid dialysate concentrations. 3-Methoxy-tyramine (3-MT), dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), homovanillic acid (HVA), and uric acid levels were unaffected. 3. Co-infusion of ferrous sulphate [iron(II), 1 mM for 40 min] with SNAP either 1 or 0.2 mM (for 180 min), produced a significant increase in both DA and 3-MT dialysate concentrations, but it did not affect decreases in dialysate ascorbic acid levels. All other dialysate neurochemicals were unaffected. 4. Co-infusion of ascorbic acid (0.1 mM) with SNAP (1 mM) for 180 min did not modify SNAP-induced decreases in dialysate DA levels. In contrast, co-infusion of uric acid (1 mM) reversed SNAP-induced decreases in dialysate DA; co-infusion of a superoxide dismutase mimetic delayed SNAP-induced DA decreases for a short period, while co-infusion of the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC, 0.1 mM) significantly increased dialysate DA. 5. The results of this study show that SNAP induces concentration-related changes in DA dialysate levels. At higher concentrations, SNAP induces non-enzymatic DA oxidation, which is inhibited by uric acid and NAC; ascorbic acid failed to protect dialysate DA from oxidation, probably owing to its promoting effect on SNAP decomposition; exogenous iron(II) may react with NO generated from SNAP decomposition, with a consequent increase in dialysate DA and 3-MT, therefore mimicking SNP effects on striatal DA release.
Scheda prodotto non validato
Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo
|Titolo:||Analysis of S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine effects on dopamine release in the striatum of freely moving rats: role of endogenous ascorbic acid and oxidative stress.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|