In this study multiple ovulation and embryo transfer (MOET) technology was tested as a method for increasing the number of offspring obtained from superovulated mouflons and then using Sardinian ewes as recipients. Two experiments were carried out over consecutive years. In Experiment 1, female mouflons received a standard superovulatory treatment during both breeding and anoestrous seasons. Sarda sheep, used as controls, received the same treatment. Mean superovulatory response (corpora lutea and large follicles) was higher in the domestic sheep than in the mouflons (4.8 vs. 10.1 and 4.2 vs. 8.8 in breeding and anoestrous seasons, respectively; P < 0.05). A high percentage of mouflons showed early luteal regression which negatively affected recovery rate (35% and 30% in mouflons vs. 69% and 71% in sheep) and the yield of embryos suitable for transfer (37% and 25% in mouflons vs 74% and 69% in sheep; P < 0.05). In Experiment 2, ten mouflons were treated by the same superovulatory protocol and divided into two groups. In the first (Group 5), embryos were recovered earlier by oviductal hushing and cultured in vitro with oviductal cells in CZB medium until the morula/blastocyst stage; in the second (Group 6), the usual embryo recovery time was followed. Recovery rate was higher in the former (89% vs. 31%; P < 0.01) than in the latter. After 4 days of culture, 53% of embryos reached compact morula or early blastocyst stage (16/30). Lambing rate was 57% for mouflon embryos transferred immediately and 56% for those cultured in vitro for 4 days; the lambing rate in the sheep control group was 71%. The length of gestation was longer in ewes carrying mouflons than in those carrying lambs (155 vs. 148 days).
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|Titolo:||EMBRYO RECOVERY FROM SUPEROVULATED MOUFLONS (OVIS-GMELINI-MUSIMON) AND VIABILITY AFTER TRANSFER INTO DOMESTIC SHEEP|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1995|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|