The purpose of this study was to assess the viability of ovine embryos after replacing fetal calf serum (FCS) with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) in vitrification and warming solutions. Ovine embryos were obtained from superovulated Sardinian breed ewes at 4, 5, 6, and 7 days after insemination. All vitrification and warming solutions were prepared using buffered saline solution with 20% FCS (group a) or 0.1% PVA (group b). Embryos were vitrified in 20 mu l of glycerol 3.4 M + ethylene glycol 4.6 M and loaded into the centre of 0.25 mi straws between two columns of sucrose solution (0.5 M), and plunged immediately into liquid nitrogen. After being warmed in a water bath at 35 degrees C for 10 s, the vitrified embryos were moved to 0.25 M sucrose solution for 3 min. Embryos were cultured in TCM-199 after washing with 10% FCS and sheep oviductal epithelial cells up to hatching or re-expansion of the blastocoelic cavity. No significant difference in the viability rates was observed between embryos vitrified/warmed in PVA or FCS solutions. In both groups, the rate of in vitro viability was (P < 0.01) lower at the precompacted and compacted morula stages than at the expanded, hatching or hatched blastocyst stage. In both groups, early blastocysts were less viable than expanded (P<0.01), hatching or hatched blastocyst (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in survival rates at days 14 (79 and 76%) and 45 (63 and 59%) after transfer into synchronised recipients between vitrified expanded blastocysts of groups a and b, respectively. These results suggest that it is possible replace serum with PVA in vitrification and warming solutions without reducing in vivo and in vitro viability. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science B.V.
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|Titolo:||Polyvinyl alcohol as a defined substitute for serum in vitrification and warming solutions to cryopreserve ovine embryos at different stages of development|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1997|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|