Fabrication of graphene nanocomposite films via sol–gel chemistry is still a challenging task because of the low solubility of graphene in common solvents. In the present work we have successfully developed a suitable synthesis method employing a solution of exfoliated graphene in 1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone that is added to an anhydrous sol of silicon tetrachloride in ethanol. Thin graphene–silica films with high optical transparency have been obtained; the graphene sheets are composed of two layers and do not aggregate at a large range of concentrations upon incorporation into the matrix. Thermal processing of the silica films allows complete removal of 1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone without oxidation or degradation of the graphene sheets which are embedded in the oxide.
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|Titolo:||Sol–gel chemistry for graphene–silica nanocomposite films|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|