OBJECTIVES: To explore the post-transcriptional regulation of the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) transcriptome by microRNAs in Behçet's disease (BD). METHODS: Using TaqMan Low Density Array-based microRNAs expression profiling, the expression of 750 mature human microRNAs in PBMCs from 5 BD patients and 3 healthy controls (HC) was compared. The expression of deregulated microRNAs was then validated by quantitative real time-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), in 42 BD patients and 8 HC. RESULTS: In the initial screening, 13 microRNAs appeared deregulated in BD vs HC. Among them, the differential expression of miR-720 and miR-139-3p was confirmed by qRT-PCR, (p<0.05 and FDR<5%). Areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve for miR-139-3p, miR-720 and miR-139-3p+miR-720 in the validation cohort were 0.84, 0.87 and 0.92 respectively, indicating good discrimination between BD patients and HC. Post-hoc analysis showed that 9 out of 13 microRNAs from the discovery phase were significantly upregulated in active vs. quiescent BD, suggesting inflammation as a key regulator of microRNAs machinery in BD. In silico analysis revealed that several BD candidate susceptibility genes are predicted target of significantly deregulated microRNAs in active BD. A significant enrichment in microRNAs targeting elements of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) and T-cell receptor signalling pathways was also assumed. CONCLUSIONS: miR199-3p and miR720 deserve further confirmation as biomarkers of BD in larger studies. PBMCs from active BD displayed a unique signature of microRNAs which may be implicated in regulation of innate immunity activation and T-cell function.
Global microRNA profiling of peripheral blood mononuclear cells in patients with Behçet's disease / Erre, Gl; Piga, M; Carru, C; Angius, A; Carcangiu, L; Piras, M; Sotgia, S; Zinellu, A; Mathieu, A; Passiu, G; Pescatori, M. - In: CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL RHEUMATOLOGY. - ISSN 0392-856X. - 33:(6 supp)(2015), pp. 72-79.