The population structure and dynamics of the tomato leafminer Tuta absoluta were investigated in a protected tomato crop and on potato and tomato crops and Solanum nigrum plants under open-field Mediterranean climatic conditions (Sardinia) by captures in pheromone-baited traps and visual inspection of host plants. In the greenhouse crop, male captures and leaf infestation were low in winter and increased steadily in spring up to 797.3 males/trap/week and 6.4 mines/leaf, respectively. Under open-field conditions, males were captured all year round with a peak in early September, concurrently with highest mean daily temperatures. Pest density in potato crops was very low (<0.3 mines/leaf), as well as on S. nigrum (0.16 mines/leaf). Conversely, high pest infestation was observed in tomato leaves (3.8 mines/leaf) and fruits (27% damaged fruits). Eggs, larvae and adults were detected over two consecutive winters, indicating that T. absoluta can develop continuously over the year under natural conditions. Parasitoids were recorded throughout the survey at low rates (≤16.1%). The most active beneficials were Necremnus tutae and Neochrysocharis formosa in protected and open-field crops, respectively. The tomato leafminer completed 6 generations in the greenhouse tomato crop during the winter-spring growing season, whereas in open-field crops the pest completed two generations on winter potato and 4-5 in spring-summer tomato. The degree-day model based on minimum and maximum temperatures reliably described the population dynamics in the protected crop, and estimated the completion of 7.4 generations per year under open-field Mediterranean conditions.

Seasonal phenology of Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in protected and open-field crops under Mediterranean climatic conditions / Cocco, Arturo; Deliperi, S; Lentini, Andrea; Mannu, R; Delrio, G.. - In: PHYTOPARASITICA. - ISSN 0334-2123. - 43:5(2015), pp. 713-724. [10.1007/s12600-015-0486-x]

Seasonal phenology of Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in protected and open-field crops under Mediterranean climatic conditions

COCCO, Arturo
;
LENTINI, Andrea;Mannu R;
2015-01-01

Abstract

The population structure and dynamics of the tomato leafminer Tuta absoluta were investigated in a protected tomato crop and on potato and tomato crops and Solanum nigrum plants under open-field Mediterranean climatic conditions (Sardinia) by captures in pheromone-baited traps and visual inspection of host plants. In the greenhouse crop, male captures and leaf infestation were low in winter and increased steadily in spring up to 797.3 males/trap/week and 6.4 mines/leaf, respectively. Under open-field conditions, males were captured all year round with a peak in early September, concurrently with highest mean daily temperatures. Pest density in potato crops was very low (<0.3 mines/leaf), as well as on S. nigrum (0.16 mines/leaf). Conversely, high pest infestation was observed in tomato leaves (3.8 mines/leaf) and fruits (27% damaged fruits). Eggs, larvae and adults were detected over two consecutive winters, indicating that T. absoluta can develop continuously over the year under natural conditions. Parasitoids were recorded throughout the survey at low rates (≤16.1%). The most active beneficials were Necremnus tutae and Neochrysocharis formosa in protected and open-field crops, respectively. The tomato leafminer completed 6 generations in the greenhouse tomato crop during the winter-spring growing season, whereas in open-field crops the pest completed two generations on winter potato and 4-5 in spring-summer tomato. The degree-day model based on minimum and maximum temperatures reliably described the population dynamics in the protected crop, and estimated the completion of 7.4 generations per year under open-field Mediterranean conditions.
2015
Seasonal phenology of Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in protected and open-field crops under Mediterranean climatic conditions / Cocco, Arturo; Deliperi, S; Lentini, Andrea; Mannu, R; Delrio, G.. - In: PHYTOPARASITICA. - ISSN 0334-2123. - 43:5(2015), pp. 713-724. [10.1007/s12600-015-0486-x]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/45971
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