Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) are crucial to multiple biological processes involved in the pathophysiology of in- flammation, and are also involved in redox signaling responses. Although previous reports have described an association between oxidative events and the modulation of innate immunity, a role for redox signaling in T cell mediated adaptive immunity has not been described yet. This work aims at assessing if T cells can sense redox stress through protein sulfhydryl oxidation and respond with tyrosine phosphorylation changes. Our data show that Jurkat T cells respond to –SH group oxidation with specific tyrosine phosphorylation events. The release of T cell cytokines TNF, IFNγ and IL2 as well as the expression of a number of receptors are affected by those changes. Additionally, experiments with spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) inhibitors showed a major involvement of Syk in these responses. The experiments described herein show a link between cysteine oxidation and tyrosine phosphorylation changes in T cells, as well as a novel mechanism by which Syk inhibitors exert their anti-inflammatory activity through the inhibition of a response initiated by ROS.
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|Titolo:||T cell tyrosine phosphorylation response to transient redox stress|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|