Background: Adenosine deaminase is a polymorphic enzyme that has an important role in immune functions and in the regulation of intracellular and extracellular concentrations of adenosine and adenosine receptor activity. Aim: To search for possible association of type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) with three loci haplotypes (ADA1, ADA2, ADA6) of the adenosine deaminase gene. Patients: One hundred and eighty-nine consecutive children with DM1 from Sassari, Sardinia, and a control sample of 239 children from the same area were studied. Methods: ADA loci genotypes were determined by DNA analysis. Results: Compared to controls, diabetic boys show a decrease of the 22/61 haplotype while diabetic girls show an increase of the same haplotype. This association was replicated in an independent sample from Continental Italy. Conclusions: The 22/61 haplotype may exert a protective action in males but may increase susceptibility to DM1 in females: OR = 0.398, 95% CI 0.16-0.96 for males, and OR = 2.31, 95% CI 1.32-4.06 for females.
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|Titolo:||A study of three polymorphic sites of the ADA gene in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus|
|Autori interni:||MELONI, Gianfranco|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Rivista:||JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|