This study explores the impacts of global warming on the reproductive efforts of Posidonia oceanica, a key seagrass species endemic to the Mediterranean Sea. By analyzing data from five areas in Sardinia in February 2023, we have investigated the relationship between thermal descriptors and P. oceanica flowering and fruiting variables. In fact, whether climate change has been affected the distribution of seagrasses by changing their reproductive efforts is still controversial and our findings contribute to this ongoing debate, highlighting a noticeable increase in reproductive events potentially affected by rising temperature. Overall, mean summer sea surface temperature (SST) was positively associated to inflorescence density, presence of living fruits and fruit size; living fruits and fruit size were also influenced positively by the maximum SST within 3 months before sampling (November-February). Both flowering and fruiting were negatively affected by the maximum SST within 1 month before inflorescence observation and mean winter SST, respectively, suggesting that P. oceanica reproductive effort depends on the duration and the temporal context in which the anomaly occurs. However, the high variability between meadows of the same area highlights the need of future studies to focus on the uncertainties related to local factors.

Warming-induced flowering and fruiting in the seagrass Posidonia oceanica and uncertainties due to context-dependent features / Stipcich, P.; La Manna, G.; Ceccherelli, G.. - In: MARINE BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0025-3162. - 171:3(2024). [10.1007/s00227-024-04388-4]

Warming-induced flowering and fruiting in the seagrass Posidonia oceanica and uncertainties due to context-dependent features

Stipcich P.
;
La Manna G.;Ceccherelli G.
2024-01-01

Abstract

This study explores the impacts of global warming on the reproductive efforts of Posidonia oceanica, a key seagrass species endemic to the Mediterranean Sea. By analyzing data from five areas in Sardinia in February 2023, we have investigated the relationship between thermal descriptors and P. oceanica flowering and fruiting variables. In fact, whether climate change has been affected the distribution of seagrasses by changing their reproductive efforts is still controversial and our findings contribute to this ongoing debate, highlighting a noticeable increase in reproductive events potentially affected by rising temperature. Overall, mean summer sea surface temperature (SST) was positively associated to inflorescence density, presence of living fruits and fruit size; living fruits and fruit size were also influenced positively by the maximum SST within 3 months before sampling (November-February). Both flowering and fruiting were negatively affected by the maximum SST within 1 month before inflorescence observation and mean winter SST, respectively, suggesting that P. oceanica reproductive effort depends on the duration and the temporal context in which the anomaly occurs. However, the high variability between meadows of the same area highlights the need of future studies to focus on the uncertainties related to local factors.
2024
Warming-induced flowering and fruiting in the seagrass Posidonia oceanica and uncertainties due to context-dependent features / Stipcich, P.; La Manna, G.; Ceccherelli, G.. - In: MARINE BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0025-3162. - 171:3(2024). [10.1007/s00227-024-04388-4]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/327252
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