Purpose: The objective of this multicenter study was to examine the differences in maxillo-facial fractures epidemiology across the various phases of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Methods: This is a retrospective study on patients who underwent surgery for facial bone fractures in 18 maxillo-facial surgery departments in Italy, spanning from June 23, 2019, to February 23, 2022. Based on the admission date, the data were classified into four chronological periods reflecting distinct periods of restrictions in Italy: pre-pandemic, first wave, partial restrictions, and post-pandemic. Epidemiological differences across the groups were analysed. Results: The study included 2938 patients. A statistically significant difference in hospitalization causes was detected between the pre-pandemic and first wave groups (p = 0.005) and between the pre-pandemic and partial restriction groups (p = 0.002). The differences between the pre- and post-pandemic groups were instead not significant (p = 0.106). Compared to the pre-pandemic period, the number of patients of African origin was significantly higher during the first wave and the post-pandemic period. No statistically significant differences were found across the periods concerning gender, age, fracture type, treatment approach, and hospital stay duration Conclusions: The COVID-19 pandemic brought about significant changes in fracture epidemiology, influenced by the restrictive measures enforced by the government in Italy. Upon the pandemic’s conclusion, the fracture epidemiology returned to the patterns observed in the pre-pandemic period.

Changes in hospital admissions for facial fractures during and after COVID 19 pandemic: national multicentric epidemiological analysis on 2938 patients / Petrocelli, M.; Ruggiero, F.; Allegri, D.; Cutrupi, S.; Baietti, A. M.; Salzano, G.; Maglitto, F.; Manfuso, A.; Copelli, C.; Barca, I.; Cristofaro, M. G.; Galvano, F.; Loche, V. P.; Gemini, P.; Tewfik, K.; Burlini, D.; Bernardi, M.; Bianchi, F. A.; Catanzaro, S.; Ascani, G.; Consorti, G.; Balercia, P.; Braconi, A.; Scozzaro, C.; Catalfamo, L.; De Rinaldis, D.; De Ponte, F. S.; Tarabbia, F.; Biglioli, F.; Giovacchini, F.; Tullio, A.; Cama, A.; Di Emidio, P.; Ferrari, S.; Perlangeli, G.; Rossi, M. B.; Biglio, A.; De Riu, G.; Califano, L.; Vaira, L. A.. - In: ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY. - ISSN 1865-1550. - (2023). [10.1007/s10006-023-01201-2]

Changes in hospital admissions for facial fractures during and after COVID 19 pandemic: national multicentric epidemiological analysis on 2938 patients

Tullio A.;De Riu G.;Vaira L. A.
2023-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: The objective of this multicenter study was to examine the differences in maxillo-facial fractures epidemiology across the various phases of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Methods: This is a retrospective study on patients who underwent surgery for facial bone fractures in 18 maxillo-facial surgery departments in Italy, spanning from June 23, 2019, to February 23, 2022. Based on the admission date, the data were classified into four chronological periods reflecting distinct periods of restrictions in Italy: pre-pandemic, first wave, partial restrictions, and post-pandemic. Epidemiological differences across the groups were analysed. Results: The study included 2938 patients. A statistically significant difference in hospitalization causes was detected between the pre-pandemic and first wave groups (p = 0.005) and between the pre-pandemic and partial restriction groups (p = 0.002). The differences between the pre- and post-pandemic groups were instead not significant (p = 0.106). Compared to the pre-pandemic period, the number of patients of African origin was significantly higher during the first wave and the post-pandemic period. No statistically significant differences were found across the periods concerning gender, age, fracture type, treatment approach, and hospital stay duration Conclusions: The COVID-19 pandemic brought about significant changes in fracture epidemiology, influenced by the restrictive measures enforced by the government in Italy. Upon the pandemic’s conclusion, the fracture epidemiology returned to the patterns observed in the pre-pandemic period.
2023
Changes in hospital admissions for facial fractures during and after COVID 19 pandemic: national multicentric epidemiological analysis on 2938 patients / Petrocelli, M.; Ruggiero, F.; Allegri, D.; Cutrupi, S.; Baietti, A. M.; Salzano, G.; Maglitto, F.; Manfuso, A.; Copelli, C.; Barca, I.; Cristofaro, M. G.; Galvano, F.; Loche, V. P.; Gemini, P.; Tewfik, K.; Burlini, D.; Bernardi, M.; Bianchi, F. A.; Catanzaro, S.; Ascani, G.; Consorti, G.; Balercia, P.; Braconi, A.; Scozzaro, C.; Catalfamo, L.; De Rinaldis, D.; De Ponte, F. S.; Tarabbia, F.; Biglioli, F.; Giovacchini, F.; Tullio, A.; Cama, A.; Di Emidio, P.; Ferrari, S.; Perlangeli, G.; Rossi, M. B.; Biglio, A.; De Riu, G.; Califano, L.; Vaira, L. A.. - In: ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY. - ISSN 1865-1550. - (2023). [10.1007/s10006-023-01201-2]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/324961
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