BACKGROUNDConflicting evidence exists on the efficacy and safety of bivalirudin administered as part of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with an acute coronary syndrome.METHODSWe randomly assigned 7213 patients with an acute coronary syndrome for whom PCI was anticipated to receive either bivalirudin or unfractionated heparin. Patients in the bivalirudin group were subsequently randomly assigned to receive or not to receive a post-PCI bivalirudin infusion. Primary outcomes for the comparison between bivalirudin and heparin were the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events (a composite of death, myocardial infarction, or stroke) and net adverse clinical events (a composite of major bleeding or a major adverse cardiovascular event). The primary outcome for the comparison of a post-PCI bivalirudin infusion with no post-PCI infusion was a composite of urgent target-vessel revascularization, definite stent thrombosis, or net adverse clinical events.RESULTSThe rate of major adverse cardiovascular events was not significantly lower with bivalirudin than with heparin (10.3% and 10.9%, respectively; relative risk, 0.94; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.81 to 1.09; P = 0.44), nor was the rate of net adverse clinical events (11.2% and 12.4%, respectively; relative risk, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.78 to 1.03; P = 0.12). Post-PCI bivalirudin infusion, as compared with no infusion, did not significantly decrease the rate of urgent target-vessel revascularization, definite stent thrombosis, or net adverse clinical events (11.0% and 11.9%, respectively; relative risk, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.74 to 1.11; P = 0.34).CONCLUSIONSIn patients with an acute coronary syndrome, the rates of major adverse cardiovascular events and net adverse clinical events were not significantly lower with bivalirudin than with unfractionated heparin. The rate of the composite of urgent target-vessel revascularization, definite stent thrombosis, or net adverse clinical events was not significantly lower with a post-PCI bivalirudin infusion than with no post-PCI infusion. (Funded by the Medicines Company and Terumo Medical; MATRIX ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01433627.)

Bivalirudin or Unfractionated Heparin in Acute Coronary Syndromes / Valgimigli, Marco; Frigoli, Enrico; Leonardi, Sergio; Rothenbühler, Martina; Gagnor, Andrea; Calabrò, Paolo; Garducci, Stefano; Rubartelli, Paolo; Briguori, Carlo; Andò, Giuseppe; Repetto, Alessandra; Limbruno, Ugo; Garbo, Roberto; Sganzerla, Paolo; Russo, Filippo; Lupi, Alessandro; Cortese, Bernardo; Ausiello, Arturo; Ierna, Salvatore; Esposito, Giovanni; Presbitero, Patrizia; Santarelli, Andrea; Sardella, Gennaro; Varbella, Ferdinando; Tresoldi, Simone; de Cesare, Nicoletta; Rigattieri, Stefano; Zingarelli, Antonio; Tosi, Paolo; van ’t Hof, Arnoud; Boccuzzi, Giacomo; Omerovic, Elmir; Sabaté, Manel; Heg, Dik; Jüni, Peter; Vranckx, Pascal; Casu, G. - In: THE NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE. - ISSN 0028-4793. - 373:11(2015), pp. 997-1009. [10.1056/NEJMoa1507854]

Bivalirudin or Unfractionated Heparin in Acute Coronary Syndromes

Casu G
2015-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUNDConflicting evidence exists on the efficacy and safety of bivalirudin administered as part of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with an acute coronary syndrome.METHODSWe randomly assigned 7213 patients with an acute coronary syndrome for whom PCI was anticipated to receive either bivalirudin or unfractionated heparin. Patients in the bivalirudin group were subsequently randomly assigned to receive or not to receive a post-PCI bivalirudin infusion. Primary outcomes for the comparison between bivalirudin and heparin were the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events (a composite of death, myocardial infarction, or stroke) and net adverse clinical events (a composite of major bleeding or a major adverse cardiovascular event). The primary outcome for the comparison of a post-PCI bivalirudin infusion with no post-PCI infusion was a composite of urgent target-vessel revascularization, definite stent thrombosis, or net adverse clinical events.RESULTSThe rate of major adverse cardiovascular events was not significantly lower with bivalirudin than with heparin (10.3% and 10.9%, respectively; relative risk, 0.94; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.81 to 1.09; P = 0.44), nor was the rate of net adverse clinical events (11.2% and 12.4%, respectively; relative risk, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.78 to 1.03; P = 0.12). Post-PCI bivalirudin infusion, as compared with no infusion, did not significantly decrease the rate of urgent target-vessel revascularization, definite stent thrombosis, or net adverse clinical events (11.0% and 11.9%, respectively; relative risk, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.74 to 1.11; P = 0.34).CONCLUSIONSIn patients with an acute coronary syndrome, the rates of major adverse cardiovascular events and net adverse clinical events were not significantly lower with bivalirudin than with unfractionated heparin. The rate of the composite of urgent target-vessel revascularization, definite stent thrombosis, or net adverse clinical events was not significantly lower with a post-PCI bivalirudin infusion than with no post-PCI infusion. (Funded by the Medicines Company and Terumo Medical; MATRIX ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01433627.)
2015
Bivalirudin or Unfractionated Heparin in Acute Coronary Syndromes / Valgimigli, Marco; Frigoli, Enrico; Leonardi, Sergio; Rothenbühler, Martina; Gagnor, Andrea; Calabrò, Paolo; Garducci, Stefano; Rubartelli, Paolo; Briguori, Carlo; Andò, Giuseppe; Repetto, Alessandra; Limbruno, Ugo; Garbo, Roberto; Sganzerla, Paolo; Russo, Filippo; Lupi, Alessandro; Cortese, Bernardo; Ausiello, Arturo; Ierna, Salvatore; Esposito, Giovanni; Presbitero, Patrizia; Santarelli, Andrea; Sardella, Gennaro; Varbella, Ferdinando; Tresoldi, Simone; de Cesare, Nicoletta; Rigattieri, Stefano; Zingarelli, Antonio; Tosi, Paolo; van ’t Hof, Arnoud; Boccuzzi, Giacomo; Omerovic, Elmir; Sabaté, Manel; Heg, Dik; Jüni, Peter; Vranckx, Pascal; Casu, G. - In: THE NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE. - ISSN 0028-4793. - 373:11(2015), pp. 997-1009. [10.1056/NEJMoa1507854]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/324053
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