The emergence of SARS-CoV-2 variants requires close monitoring to prevent the reoccurrence of a new pandemic in the near future. The Omicron variant, in particular, is one of the fastest-spreading viruses, showing a high ability to infect people and evade neutralization by antibodies elicited upon infection or vaccination. Therefore, the search for broad-spectrum antivirals that can inhibit the infectious capacity of SARS-CoV-2 is still the focus of intense research. In the present work, hyperbranched poly-L-lysine nanopolymers, which have shown an excellent ability to block the original strain of SARS-CoV-2 infection, were modified with L-arginine. A thermal reaction at 240 C catalyzed by boric acid yielded Lys-Arg hyperbranched nanopolymers. The ability of these nanopolymers to inhibit viral replication were assessed for the original, Delta, and Omicron strains of SARS-CoV-2 together with their cytotoxicity. A reliable indication of the safety profile and effectiveness of the various polymeric compositions in inhibiting or suppressing viral infection was obtained by the evaluation of the therapeutic index in an in vitro prevention model. The hyperbranched L-arginine-modified nanopolymers exhibited a twelve-fold greater therapeutic index when tested with the original strain. The nanopolymers could also effectively limit the replication of the Omicron strain in a cell culture.

In Vitro Antiviral Activity of Hyperbranched Poly-L-lysine Modified by L-Arginine against Different SARS-CoV-2 Variants / Fiori, Federico; Cossu, FRANCA LUCIA; Salis, Federica; Carboni, Davide; Stagi, Luigi; DE FORNI, Davide; Poddesu, Barbara; Malfatti, Luca; Khalel, Abbas; Salis, Andrea; Francesca Casula, Maria; Anedda, Roberto; Lori, Franco; Innocenzi, Plinio. - In: NANOMATERIALS. - ISSN 2079-4991. - 13:(2023), p. 3090. [10.3390/nano13243090]

In Vitro Antiviral Activity of Hyperbranched Poly-L-lysine Modified by L-Arginine against Different SARS-CoV-2 Variants

Federico Fiori;Franca Lucia Cossu;Federica Salis;Davide Carboni;Luigi Stagi;Davide De Forni;Luca Malfatti;Plinio Innocenzi
2023-01-01

Abstract

The emergence of SARS-CoV-2 variants requires close monitoring to prevent the reoccurrence of a new pandemic in the near future. The Omicron variant, in particular, is one of the fastest-spreading viruses, showing a high ability to infect people and evade neutralization by antibodies elicited upon infection or vaccination. Therefore, the search for broad-spectrum antivirals that can inhibit the infectious capacity of SARS-CoV-2 is still the focus of intense research. In the present work, hyperbranched poly-L-lysine nanopolymers, which have shown an excellent ability to block the original strain of SARS-CoV-2 infection, were modified with L-arginine. A thermal reaction at 240 C catalyzed by boric acid yielded Lys-Arg hyperbranched nanopolymers. The ability of these nanopolymers to inhibit viral replication were assessed for the original, Delta, and Omicron strains of SARS-CoV-2 together with their cytotoxicity. A reliable indication of the safety profile and effectiveness of the various polymeric compositions in inhibiting or suppressing viral infection was obtained by the evaluation of the therapeutic index in an in vitro prevention model. The hyperbranched L-arginine-modified nanopolymers exhibited a twelve-fold greater therapeutic index when tested with the original strain. The nanopolymers could also effectively limit the replication of the Omicron strain in a cell culture.
2023
In Vitro Antiviral Activity of Hyperbranched Poly-L-lysine Modified by L-Arginine against Different SARS-CoV-2 Variants / Fiori, Federico; Cossu, FRANCA LUCIA; Salis, Federica; Carboni, Davide; Stagi, Luigi; DE FORNI, Davide; Poddesu, Barbara; Malfatti, Luca; Khalel, Abbas; Salis, Andrea; Francesca Casula, Maria; Anedda, Roberto; Lori, Franco; Innocenzi, Plinio. - In: NANOMATERIALS. - ISSN 2079-4991. - 13:(2023), p. 3090. [10.3390/nano13243090]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/321589
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