Objectives: We aimed to study whether people living with HIV (PLWH) are at higher risk of in-hospital COVID-19 mortality compared to the general population (GenPop).Methods: This was a retrospective study in 19 Italian centers (February 2020 to November 2022) in-cluding hospitalized PLWH and GenPop with SARS-CoV-2 infection. The main outcome was in-hospital mortality. Competing risk analyses by Fine-Gray regression model were used to estimate the association between in-hospital mortality and HIV status/age.Results: A total of 7399 patients with COVID-19 were included, 239 (3.2%) PLWH, and 7160 (96.8%) Gen -Pop. By day 40, in-hospital death occurred in 1283/7160 (17.9%) among GenPop and 34/239 (14.2%) among PLWH. After adjusting for potential confounders, compared to GenPop < 65 years, a significantly higher risk of death was observed for GenPop >65 (adjusted subdistribution hazard ratio [aSHR] 1.79 [95% CI 1.39-2.31]), PLWH >65 (aSHR 2.16 [95% CI 1.15-4.04]), PLWH < 65 with CD4 <= 200 (aSHR 9.69 [95% CI 5.50-17.07]) and PLWH < 65 with CD4 201-350 (aSHR 4.37 [95% CI 1.79-10.63]), whereas no evidence for a difference for PLWH < 65 with CD4 > 350 (aSHR 1.11 [95% CI 0.41-2.99]).Conclusions: In PLWH aged < 65 years a CD4 <= 350 rather than HIV itself seems the driver for the observed higher risk of in-hospital mortality. We cannot however rule out that HIV infection per se is the risk factor in those aged >= 65 years.(c) 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of International Society for Infectious Diseases. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Risk of COVID-19 in-hospital mortality in people living with HIV compared to general population according to age and CD4 strata: data from the ICONA network / Giacomelli, Andrea; Gagliardini, Roberta; Tavelli, Alessandro; De Benedittis, Sara; Mazzotta, Valentina; Rizzardini, Giuliano; Mondi, Annalisa; Augello, Matteo; Antinori, Spinello; Vergori, Alessandra; Gori, Andrea; Menozzi, Marianna; Taramasso, Lucia; Fusco, Francesco Maria; De Vito, Andrea; Mancarella, Giulia; Marchetti, Giulia; D'Arminio Monforte, Antonella; Antinori, Andrea; Cozzi-Lepri, Alessandro. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES. - ISSN 1201-9712. - 136:(2023), pp. 127-135. [10.1016/j.ijid.2023.09.015]

Risk of COVID-19 in-hospital mortality in people living with HIV compared to general population according to age and CD4 strata: data from the ICONA network

De Vito, Andrea;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Objectives: We aimed to study whether people living with HIV (PLWH) are at higher risk of in-hospital COVID-19 mortality compared to the general population (GenPop).Methods: This was a retrospective study in 19 Italian centers (February 2020 to November 2022) in-cluding hospitalized PLWH and GenPop with SARS-CoV-2 infection. The main outcome was in-hospital mortality. Competing risk analyses by Fine-Gray regression model were used to estimate the association between in-hospital mortality and HIV status/age.Results: A total of 7399 patients with COVID-19 were included, 239 (3.2%) PLWH, and 7160 (96.8%) Gen -Pop. By day 40, in-hospital death occurred in 1283/7160 (17.9%) among GenPop and 34/239 (14.2%) among PLWH. After adjusting for potential confounders, compared to GenPop < 65 years, a significantly higher risk of death was observed for GenPop >65 (adjusted subdistribution hazard ratio [aSHR] 1.79 [95% CI 1.39-2.31]), PLWH >65 (aSHR 2.16 [95% CI 1.15-4.04]), PLWH < 65 with CD4 <= 200 (aSHR 9.69 [95% CI 5.50-17.07]) and PLWH < 65 with CD4 201-350 (aSHR 4.37 [95% CI 1.79-10.63]), whereas no evidence for a difference for PLWH < 65 with CD4 > 350 (aSHR 1.11 [95% CI 0.41-2.99]).Conclusions: In PLWH aged < 65 years a CD4 <= 350 rather than HIV itself seems the driver for the observed higher risk of in-hospital mortality. We cannot however rule out that HIV infection per se is the risk factor in those aged >= 65 years.(c) 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of International Society for Infectious Diseases. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
2023
Risk of COVID-19 in-hospital mortality in people living with HIV compared to general population according to age and CD4 strata: data from the ICONA network / Giacomelli, Andrea; Gagliardini, Roberta; Tavelli, Alessandro; De Benedittis, Sara; Mazzotta, Valentina; Rizzardini, Giuliano; Mondi, Annalisa; Augello, Matteo; Antinori, Spinello; Vergori, Alessandra; Gori, Andrea; Menozzi, Marianna; Taramasso, Lucia; Fusco, Francesco Maria; De Vito, Andrea; Mancarella, Giulia; Marchetti, Giulia; D'Arminio Monforte, Antonella; Antinori, Andrea; Cozzi-Lepri, Alessandro. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES. - ISSN 1201-9712. - 136:(2023), pp. 127-135. [10.1016/j.ijid.2023.09.015]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/321053
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