Cystic echinococcosis (CE), caused by Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato, is a neglected tropical disease known mainly for its zoonotic nature. CE is endemic to Pakistan, however, the disease is not given due consideration and millions of people remain at health risk. This study was undertaken to assess the species and genotypes of E. granulosus sensu lato in sheep, buffaloes and cattle, brought to slaughterhouses of two major cities (Multan and Bahawalpur) of south Punjab, Pakistan. A total of 26 hydatid cyst specimens were characterized through complete cox1 mitochondrial gene (1609 bp) sequencing. Species and genotypes of E. granulosus sensu lato discovered in the southern Punjab consisted of E. granulosus sensu stricto (n =21), E. ortleppi (n=4) and genotype G6 of the E. canadensis cluster (n=1). Of E. granulosus s.s. isolates, the genotype G3 was predominantly involved in causing infections to the livestock of this region. Since all of these species are zoonotic, wide and effective surveillance studies are required to ascertain the risks to human population in Pakistan. Additionally, a global overview on cox1 phylogenetic structure of E. ortleppi was carried out. Despite widespread occurrence, the species is mostly limited to the southern hemisphere. The highest burden has been reported in South America (62.15%) and Africa (28.44%) and by far the most common host is cattle, accounting for >90% of cases.

First report of Echinococcus ortleppi and genotype G6 of E. canadensis cluster from southern Punjab, Pakistan and a global overview on genetic structure and host adaptation of E. ortleppi / Muqaddas, H.; Mehmood, N.; Saarma, U.; Usman, A.; Ahmed, F.; Varcasia, A.; Sini, M. F.; Ullah, M. I.. - In: ACTA TROPICA. - ISSN 0001-706X. - 244:(2023), p. 106951. [10.1016/j.actatropica.2023.106951]

First report of Echinococcus ortleppi and genotype G6 of E. canadensis cluster from southern Punjab, Pakistan and a global overview on genetic structure and host adaptation of E. ortleppi

Mehmood N.;Ahmed F.;Varcasia A.;Sini M. F.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Cystic echinococcosis (CE), caused by Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato, is a neglected tropical disease known mainly for its zoonotic nature. CE is endemic to Pakistan, however, the disease is not given due consideration and millions of people remain at health risk. This study was undertaken to assess the species and genotypes of E. granulosus sensu lato in sheep, buffaloes and cattle, brought to slaughterhouses of two major cities (Multan and Bahawalpur) of south Punjab, Pakistan. A total of 26 hydatid cyst specimens were characterized through complete cox1 mitochondrial gene (1609 bp) sequencing. Species and genotypes of E. granulosus sensu lato discovered in the southern Punjab consisted of E. granulosus sensu stricto (n =21), E. ortleppi (n=4) and genotype G6 of the E. canadensis cluster (n=1). Of E. granulosus s.s. isolates, the genotype G3 was predominantly involved in causing infections to the livestock of this region. Since all of these species are zoonotic, wide and effective surveillance studies are required to ascertain the risks to human population in Pakistan. Additionally, a global overview on cox1 phylogenetic structure of E. ortleppi was carried out. Despite widespread occurrence, the species is mostly limited to the southern hemisphere. The highest burden has been reported in South America (62.15%) and Africa (28.44%) and by far the most common host is cattle, accounting for >90% of cases.
2023
First report of Echinococcus ortleppi and genotype G6 of E. canadensis cluster from southern Punjab, Pakistan and a global overview on genetic structure and host adaptation of E. ortleppi / Muqaddas, H.; Mehmood, N.; Saarma, U.; Usman, A.; Ahmed, F.; Varcasia, A.; Sini, M. F.; Ullah, M. I.. - In: ACTA TROPICA. - ISSN 0001-706X. - 244:(2023), p. 106951. [10.1016/j.actatropica.2023.106951]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/315790
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