Diabetic macular edema (DME) is a common cause of vision impairment in diabetic retinopathy. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between visual outcome and anatomic changes detected by traditional multimodal retinal imaging and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in DME eyes under treatment with Aflibercept. Methods: Sixty-six DME eyes of 62 patients under treatment with intravitreal Aflibercept and with one-year follow-up were enrolled. All participants underwent a full ophthalmic evaluation, including best correct visual acuity (BCVA) measurement, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, fluorescein angiography and OCTA, both at baseline and final examination. Fractal OCTA analysis of the superficial and deep capillary plexus (SCP and DCP) was performed to estimate vascular perfusion density and lacunarity (LAC). Results: At the final examination, there was a significant improvement in terms of BCVA and central macular thickness (CMT). Furthermore, eyes with CMT <373 µm at baseline reached the higher BCVA at the last follow-up. Eyes with CMT ≥373 µm and DCP LAC <0.41 reached a higher final BCVA, if compared with eyes showing the same CMT but higher initial LAC. Conclusion: A 12-month treatment with intravitreal Aflibercept for DME resulted in significant visual and anatomic improvement. Multimodal retinal imaging, together with fractal OCTA analysis, may provide useful biomarkers, predictive of visual outcome in DME.

Predictive Factors of Visual Outcome in Treatment-Naïve Diabetic Macular Edema: Preliminary Results from the Clinical Study “FOVEA” / Serra, Rita; Coscas, Florence; Boulet, Jean François; Cabral, Diogo; Tran, Thi Ha Chau; Solinas, Giuliana; Pinna, Antonio; Lupidi, Marco; Coscas, Gabriel. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 12:12(2023), p. 3870. [10.3390/jcm12123870]

Predictive Factors of Visual Outcome in Treatment-Naïve Diabetic Macular Edema: Preliminary Results from the Clinical Study “FOVEA”

Serra, Rita
;
Solinas, Giuliana;Pinna, Antonio;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Diabetic macular edema (DME) is a common cause of vision impairment in diabetic retinopathy. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between visual outcome and anatomic changes detected by traditional multimodal retinal imaging and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in DME eyes under treatment with Aflibercept. Methods: Sixty-six DME eyes of 62 patients under treatment with intravitreal Aflibercept and with one-year follow-up were enrolled. All participants underwent a full ophthalmic evaluation, including best correct visual acuity (BCVA) measurement, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, fluorescein angiography and OCTA, both at baseline and final examination. Fractal OCTA analysis of the superficial and deep capillary plexus (SCP and DCP) was performed to estimate vascular perfusion density and lacunarity (LAC). Results: At the final examination, there was a significant improvement in terms of BCVA and central macular thickness (CMT). Furthermore, eyes with CMT <373 µm at baseline reached the higher BCVA at the last follow-up. Eyes with CMT ≥373 µm and DCP LAC <0.41 reached a higher final BCVA, if compared with eyes showing the same CMT but higher initial LAC. Conclusion: A 12-month treatment with intravitreal Aflibercept for DME resulted in significant visual and anatomic improvement. Multimodal retinal imaging, together with fractal OCTA analysis, may provide useful biomarkers, predictive of visual outcome in DME.
2023
Predictive Factors of Visual Outcome in Treatment-Naïve Diabetic Macular Edema: Preliminary Results from the Clinical Study “FOVEA” / Serra, Rita; Coscas, Florence; Boulet, Jean François; Cabral, Diogo; Tran, Thi Ha Chau; Solinas, Giuliana; Pinna, Antonio; Lupidi, Marco; Coscas, Gabriel. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 12:12(2023), p. 3870. [10.3390/jcm12123870]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/309849
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