Background and aims: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) is a lethal malignancy, with increasing incidence worldwide and limited therapeutic options. Aberrant protein glycosylation is a hallmark of cancer. Here, we thoroughly investigated the possible involvement of fucosylation in cholangiocarcinogenesis. Approach and results: We discovered that the levels of global fucosylation and members of the fucosylation pathway are ubiquitously upregulated in human iCCA tissues compared to nontumorous surrounding livers and normal biliary cells. In addition, total fucosylation levels correlate with poor patients' prognosis. Furthermore, fucosylation inhibition following 6-alkynylfucose (6AF) administration triggered a dose-dependent decrease in the proliferation and migration of iCCA cell lines. Notably, adding fucose to the cell medium annulled these effects. At the molecular level, 6AF administration or small interfering RNA-mediated silencing of GDP-L-fucose synthetase (FX) and the GDP-fucose transmembrane transporter (SLC35C1), both pivotal players of cellular fucosylation, decreased NOTCH activity, NOTCH1/Jagged1 interaction, NOTCH receptors, and related target genes in iCCA cell lines. In the same cells, EGFR, nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells p65, and Bcl-xL protein levels diminished, whereas IκBα (a critical cellular NF-κB inhibitor) increased after FX/SLC35C1 knockdown or 6AF administration. In the chick chorioallantoic membrane assay, 6AF treatment profoundly suppresses the growth of iCCA cells. Conclusions: Elevated global fucosylation characterizes human iCCA, contributing to cell growth and migration through the upregulation of the NOTCH and EGFR/NF-κB pathways. Thus, aberrant fucosylation is a novel pathogenetic player and a potential therapeutic target for human iCCA.

: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) is a lethal malignancy with increasing incidence worldwide and limited therapeutic options. Aberrant protein glycosylation is a hallmark of cancer. Here, we thoroughly investigated the possible involvement of fucosylation in cholangiocarcinogenesis. We discovered that levels of global fucosylation and members of the fucosylation pathway are ubiquitously upregulated in human iCCA tissues compared to non-tumorous surrounding livers and normal biliary cells. In addition, total fucosylation levels correlate with poor patients' prognosis. Furthermore, fucosylation inhibition following 6-alkynylfucose (6AF) administration triggered a dose-dependent decrease in the proliferation and migration of iCCA cell lines. Notably, adding fucose to the cell medium annulled these effects. At the molecular level, 6AF administration or small interfering RNA-mediated silencing of GDP-L-fucose synthetase (FX) and the GDP-fucose transmembrane transporter (SLC35C1), both pivotal players of cellular fucosylation, decreased NOTCH activity, NOTCH1/Jagged1 interaction, NOTCH receptors, and related target genes in iCCA cell lines. In the same cells, EGFR, NF-κB p65, and Bcl-xL protein levels diminished, whereas IκBα (a critical cellular NF-kB inhibitor) increased after FX/SLC35C1 knockdown or 6AF administration. In the chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay, 6AF treatment profoundly suppresses the growth of iCCA cells. Conclusions : Elevated global fucosylation characterizes human iCCA, contributing to cell growth and migration via the upregulation of the NOTCH and EGFR/NF-kB pathways. Thus, aberrant fucosylation is a novel pathogenetic player and a potential therapeutic target for human iCCA.

Aberrant fucosylation sustains the NOTCH and EGFR/NF-kB pathways and has a prognostic value in human intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma / Ament, Cindy E; Steinmann, Sara; Evert, Katja; Pes, Giovanni M; Ribback, Silvia; Gigante, Isabella; Pizzuto, Elena; Banales, Jesus M; Rodrigues, Pedro M; Olaizola, Paula; Wang, Haichuan; Giannelli, Gianluigi; Chen, Xin; Evert, Matthias; Calvisi, Diego F. - In: HEPATOLOGY. - ISSN 0270-9139. - 78:6(2023), pp. 1742-1754. [10.1097/HEP.0000000000000322]

Aberrant fucosylation sustains the NOTCH and EGFR/NF-kB pathways and has a prognostic value in human intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma

Pes, Giovanni M
Data Curation
;
Calvisi, Diego F
Conceptualization
2023-01-01

Abstract

: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) is a lethal malignancy with increasing incidence worldwide and limited therapeutic options. Aberrant protein glycosylation is a hallmark of cancer. Here, we thoroughly investigated the possible involvement of fucosylation in cholangiocarcinogenesis. We discovered that levels of global fucosylation and members of the fucosylation pathway are ubiquitously upregulated in human iCCA tissues compared to non-tumorous surrounding livers and normal biliary cells. In addition, total fucosylation levels correlate with poor patients' prognosis. Furthermore, fucosylation inhibition following 6-alkynylfucose (6AF) administration triggered a dose-dependent decrease in the proliferation and migration of iCCA cell lines. Notably, adding fucose to the cell medium annulled these effects. At the molecular level, 6AF administration or small interfering RNA-mediated silencing of GDP-L-fucose synthetase (FX) and the GDP-fucose transmembrane transporter (SLC35C1), both pivotal players of cellular fucosylation, decreased NOTCH activity, NOTCH1/Jagged1 interaction, NOTCH receptors, and related target genes in iCCA cell lines. In the same cells, EGFR, NF-κB p65, and Bcl-xL protein levels diminished, whereas IκBα (a critical cellular NF-kB inhibitor) increased after FX/SLC35C1 knockdown or 6AF administration. In the chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay, 6AF treatment profoundly suppresses the growth of iCCA cells. Conclusions : Elevated global fucosylation characterizes human iCCA, contributing to cell growth and migration via the upregulation of the NOTCH and EGFR/NF-kB pathways. Thus, aberrant fucosylation is a novel pathogenetic player and a potential therapeutic target for human iCCA.
2023
Background and aims: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) is a lethal malignancy, with increasing incidence worldwide and limited therapeutic options. Aberrant protein glycosylation is a hallmark of cancer. Here, we thoroughly investigated the possible involvement of fucosylation in cholangiocarcinogenesis. Approach and results: We discovered that the levels of global fucosylation and members of the fucosylation pathway are ubiquitously upregulated in human iCCA tissues compared to nontumorous surrounding livers and normal biliary cells. In addition, total fucosylation levels correlate with poor patients' prognosis. Furthermore, fucosylation inhibition following 6-alkynylfucose (6AF) administration triggered a dose-dependent decrease in the proliferation and migration of iCCA cell lines. Notably, adding fucose to the cell medium annulled these effects. At the molecular level, 6AF administration or small interfering RNA-mediated silencing of GDP-L-fucose synthetase (FX) and the GDP-fucose transmembrane transporter (SLC35C1), both pivotal players of cellular fucosylation, decreased NOTCH activity, NOTCH1/Jagged1 interaction, NOTCH receptors, and related target genes in iCCA cell lines. In the same cells, EGFR, nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells p65, and Bcl-xL protein levels diminished, whereas IκBα (a critical cellular NF-κB inhibitor) increased after FX/SLC35C1 knockdown or 6AF administration. In the chick chorioallantoic membrane assay, 6AF treatment profoundly suppresses the growth of iCCA cells. Conclusions: Elevated global fucosylation characterizes human iCCA, contributing to cell growth and migration through the upregulation of the NOTCH and EGFR/NF-κB pathways. Thus, aberrant fucosylation is a novel pathogenetic player and a potential therapeutic target for human iCCA.
Aberrant fucosylation sustains the NOTCH and EGFR/NF-kB pathways and has a prognostic value in human intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma / Ament, Cindy E; Steinmann, Sara; Evert, Katja; Pes, Giovanni M; Ribback, Silvia; Gigante, Isabella; Pizzuto, Elena; Banales, Jesus M; Rodrigues, Pedro M; Olaizola, Paula; Wang, Haichuan; Giannelli, Gianluigi; Chen, Xin; Evert, Matthias; Calvisi, Diego F. - In: HEPATOLOGY. - ISSN 0270-9139. - 78:6(2023), pp. 1742-1754. [10.1097/HEP.0000000000000322]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/306962
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