Obesity is a complex worldwide disease, characterized by an abnormal or excessive fat accumulation. The onset of this pathology is generally linked to a complex network of interactions among genetic and environmental factors, aging, lifestyle, and diets. During adipogenesis, several regulatory mechanisms and transcription factors are involved. As fat cells grow, adipose tissue becomes increasingly large and dysfunctional, losing its endocrine function, secreting pro-inflammatory cytokines, and recruiting infiltrating macrophages. This long-term low-grade systemic inflammation results in insulin resistance in peripheral tissues. In this review we describe the main mechanisms involved in adipogenesis, from a physiological condition to obesity. Current therapeutic strategies for the management of obesity and the related metabolic syndrome are also reported.

Management of Obesity and Obesity-Related Disorders: From Stem Cells and Epigenetics to Its Treatment / Cruciani, S.; Delitala, A. P.; Cossu, M. L.; Ventura, C.; Maioli, M.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1422-0067. - 24:3(2023), p. 2310. [10.3390/ijms24032310]

Management of Obesity and Obesity-Related Disorders: From Stem Cells and Epigenetics to Its Treatment

Cruciani S.;Delitala A. P.;Cossu M. L.;Maioli M.
2023-01-01

Abstract

Obesity is a complex worldwide disease, characterized by an abnormal or excessive fat accumulation. The onset of this pathology is generally linked to a complex network of interactions among genetic and environmental factors, aging, lifestyle, and diets. During adipogenesis, several regulatory mechanisms and transcription factors are involved. As fat cells grow, adipose tissue becomes increasingly large and dysfunctional, losing its endocrine function, secreting pro-inflammatory cytokines, and recruiting infiltrating macrophages. This long-term low-grade systemic inflammation results in insulin resistance in peripheral tissues. In this review we describe the main mechanisms involved in adipogenesis, from a physiological condition to obesity. Current therapeutic strategies for the management of obesity and the related metabolic syndrome are also reported.
2023
Management of Obesity and Obesity-Related Disorders: From Stem Cells and Epigenetics to Its Treatment / Cruciani, S.; Delitala, A. P.; Cossu, M. L.; Ventura, C.; Maioli, M.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1422-0067. - 24:3(2023), p. 2310. [10.3390/ijms24032310]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/306727
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