: Oncogenic mutations in the EGFR gene are targets of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in lung adenocarcinoma (LC) patients, and their search is mandatory to make decisions on treatment strategies. Liquid biopsy of circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA) is increasingly used to detect EGFR mutations, including main activating alterations (exon 19 deletions and exon 21 L858R mutation) and T790M mutation, which is the most common mechanism of acquired resistance to first- and second-generation TKIs. In this study, we prospectively compared three different techniques for EGFR mutation detection in liquid biopsies of such patients. Fifty-four ctDNA samples from 48 consecutive advanced LC patients treated with TKIs were tested for relevant EGFR mutations with Therascreen® EGFR Plasma RGQ-PCR Kit (Qiagen). Samples were subsequently tested with two different technologies, with the aim to compare the EGFR detection rates: real-time PCR based Idylla™ ctEGFR mutation assay (Biocartis) and next-generation sequencing (NGS) system with Ion AmpliSeq Cancer Hotspot panel (ThermoFisher). A high concordance rate for main druggable EGFR alterations was observed with the two real-time PCR-based assays, ranging from 100% for T790M mutation to 94% for L858R variant and 85% for exon 19 deletions. Conversely, lower concordance rates were found between real-time PCR approaches and the NGS method (L858R: 88%; exon19-dels: 74%; T790M: 37.5%). Our results evidenced an equivalent detection ability between PCR-based techniques for circulating EGFR mutations. The NGS assay allowed detection of a wider range of EGFR mutations but showed a poor ability to detect T790M.

Comparison between Three Different Techniques for the Detection of EGFR Mutations in Liquid Biopsies of Patients with Advanced Stage Lung Adenocarcinoma / Casula, Milena; Pisano, Marina; Paliogiannis, Panagiotis; Colombino, Maria; Sini, Maria Cristina; Zinellu, Angelo; Santeufemia, Davide; Manca, Antonella; Casula, Stefania; Tore, Silvia; Lobrano, Renato; Sardinian Lung Cancer Study Group, Null; Cossu, Antonio; Palmieri, Giuseppe. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1422-0067. - 24:7(2023), p. 6410. [10.3390/ijms24076410]

Comparison between Three Different Techniques for the Detection of EGFR Mutations in Liquid Biopsies of Patients with Advanced Stage Lung Adenocarcinoma

Paliogiannis, Panagiotis;Zinellu, Angelo;Cossu, Antonio;Palmieri, Giuseppe
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
2023-01-01

Abstract

: Oncogenic mutations in the EGFR gene are targets of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in lung adenocarcinoma (LC) patients, and their search is mandatory to make decisions on treatment strategies. Liquid biopsy of circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA) is increasingly used to detect EGFR mutations, including main activating alterations (exon 19 deletions and exon 21 L858R mutation) and T790M mutation, which is the most common mechanism of acquired resistance to first- and second-generation TKIs. In this study, we prospectively compared three different techniques for EGFR mutation detection in liquid biopsies of such patients. Fifty-four ctDNA samples from 48 consecutive advanced LC patients treated with TKIs were tested for relevant EGFR mutations with Therascreen® EGFR Plasma RGQ-PCR Kit (Qiagen). Samples were subsequently tested with two different technologies, with the aim to compare the EGFR detection rates: real-time PCR based Idylla™ ctEGFR mutation assay (Biocartis) and next-generation sequencing (NGS) system with Ion AmpliSeq Cancer Hotspot panel (ThermoFisher). A high concordance rate for main druggable EGFR alterations was observed with the two real-time PCR-based assays, ranging from 100% for T790M mutation to 94% for L858R variant and 85% for exon 19 deletions. Conversely, lower concordance rates were found between real-time PCR approaches and the NGS method (L858R: 88%; exon19-dels: 74%; T790M: 37.5%). Our results evidenced an equivalent detection ability between PCR-based techniques for circulating EGFR mutations. The NGS assay allowed detection of a wider range of EGFR mutations but showed a poor ability to detect T790M.
2023
Comparison between Three Different Techniques for the Detection of EGFR Mutations in Liquid Biopsies of Patients with Advanced Stage Lung Adenocarcinoma / Casula, Milena; Pisano, Marina; Paliogiannis, Panagiotis; Colombino, Maria; Sini, Maria Cristina; Zinellu, Angelo; Santeufemia, Davide; Manca, Antonella; Casula, Stefania; Tore, Silvia; Lobrano, Renato; Sardinian Lung Cancer Study Group, Null; Cossu, Antonio; Palmieri, Giuseppe. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1422-0067. - 24:7(2023), p. 6410. [10.3390/ijms24076410]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/305787
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