Micrometric indium powder was investigated for the first time as active material for Mg battery negative electrodes using Mg-organohaloaluminate electrolyte. Indium electrochemically alloys with Mg to form the intermetallic compound MgIn. The alloying reaction is highly reversible. At low cycling rate, a high capacity of 425 mAh g- 1 is achieved, with the lowest alloying potential ever reported vs. Mg. The investigation of the electrochemical mechanism by operando x-ray diffraction confirmed a biphasic transition from In to MgIn in agreement with the Mg-In phase diagram, and without any intermediate amorphization process. High and stable capacity is observed by cycling at low rates, whereas rate-capability tests evidenced a rapid fading upon high current densities. Micrometric intermetallic MgIn directly synthesized by high-energy ball milling was also investigated and exhibited similar electrochemical behavior. These results confirm the interest of p-block elements as possible negative electrode materials for Mg batteries.

First investigation of indium-based electrode in Mg battery / Murgia, F.; Weldekidan, E. T.; Stievano, L.; Monconduit, L.; Berthelot, R.. - In: ELECTROCHEMISTRY COMMUNICATIONS. - ISSN 1388-2481. - 60:(2015), pp. 56-59. [10.1016/j.elecom.2015.08.007]

First investigation of indium-based electrode in Mg battery

Murgia F.;Stievano L.;
2015-01-01

Abstract

Micrometric indium powder was investigated for the first time as active material for Mg battery negative electrodes using Mg-organohaloaluminate electrolyte. Indium electrochemically alloys with Mg to form the intermetallic compound MgIn. The alloying reaction is highly reversible. At low cycling rate, a high capacity of 425 mAh g- 1 is achieved, with the lowest alloying potential ever reported vs. Mg. The investigation of the electrochemical mechanism by operando x-ray diffraction confirmed a biphasic transition from In to MgIn in agreement with the Mg-In phase diagram, and without any intermediate amorphization process. High and stable capacity is observed by cycling at low rates, whereas rate-capability tests evidenced a rapid fading upon high current densities. Micrometric intermetallic MgIn directly synthesized by high-energy ball milling was also investigated and exhibited similar electrochemical behavior. These results confirm the interest of p-block elements as possible negative electrode materials for Mg batteries.
2015
First investigation of indium-based electrode in Mg battery / Murgia, F.; Weldekidan, E. T.; Stievano, L.; Monconduit, L.; Berthelot, R.. - In: ELECTROCHEMISTRY COMMUNICATIONS. - ISSN 1388-2481. - 60:(2015), pp. 56-59. [10.1016/j.elecom.2015.08.007]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/303981
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