We study the impact of delayed feedbacks in the collective synchronization of ensembles of identical and autonomous micro-oscillators. To this aim, we consider linear arrays of Belousov-Zhabotinsky (BZ) oscillators confined in micro-compartmentalised systems, where the delayed feedback mimics natural lags that can arise due to the confinement properties and mechanisms driving the inter-oscillator communication. The micro-oscillator array is modeled as a set of Oregonator-like kinetics coupled via mass exchange of the chemical messengers. Changes in the synchronization patterns are explored by varying the delayed feedback introduced in the messenger species Br2. A direct transition from anti-phase to in-phase synchronization and back to the initial anti-phase scheme is observed by progressively increasing the time delay from zero to the value T0, which is the oscillation period characterising the system without any delayed coupling. The route from anti- to in-phase oscillations (and back) consists of regimes where windows of in-phase oscillations are periodically broken by anti-phase beats. Similarities between these phase transition dynamics and synchronization scenarios characterising the coordination of oscillatory limb movements are finally discussed.
Synchronization scenarios induced by delayed communication in arrays of diffusively coupled autonomous chemical oscillators / Budroni, M. A.; Pagano, G.; Conte, D.; Paternoster, B.; D'Ambrosio, R.; Ristori, S.; Abou-Hassan, A.; Rossi, F.. - In: PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS. - ISSN 1463-9076. - 23:32(2021), pp. 17606-17615. [10.1039/d1cp02221k]