This systematic review aimed to evaluate existing randomized controlled trials (RCT) and cohort studies on the efficacy of mouthwashes in reducing SARS-CoV-2 viral loads in human saliva. Searches with pertinent search terms were conducted in PubMed, MEDLINE, Scopus, and Web of Science databases for relevant records published up to Oct 15, 2022. Google Scholar and ProQuest were searched for grey literature. Manual searches were conducted as well for any pertinent articles. The protocol was prospectively registered at PROSPERO (CRD42022324894). Eligible studies were critically appraised for risk of bias and quality of evidence to assess the efficacy of mouthwash in reducing the SARS-CoV-2 viral load in human saliva. Eleven studies were included. The effect on viral load using various types of mouthwash was observed, including chlorhexidine (CHX), povidone-iodine (PI), cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC), hydrogen peroxide (HP), ß-cyclodextrin-citrox mouthwash (CDCM), and Hypochlorous acid (HCIO). Eight articles discussed CHX use. Five were found to be significant and three did not show any significant decrease in viral loads. Eight studies reviewed the use of PI, with five articles identifying a significant decrease in viral load, and three not showing a significant decrease in viral load. HP was reviewed in four studies, two studies identified significant viral load reductions, and two did not. CPC was reviewed in four studies, two of which identified significant viral load reductions, and two did not. CDCM was reviewed in one article which found a significant decrease in viral load reduction. Also, HCIO which was evaluated in one study indicated no significant difference in CT value. The current systematic review indicates that based on these eleven studies, mouthwashes are effective at reducing the SARS-CoV-2 viral load in human saliva. However, further studies should be performed on larger populations with different mouthwashes. The overall quality of evidence was high.

The efficacy of mouthwashes in reducing SARS-CoV-2 viral loads in human saliva: A systematic review / Ziaeefar, Pardis; Bostanghadiri, Narjes; Yousefzadeh, Parsa; Gabbay, Julian; Shahidi Bonjar, Amir Hashem; Ghazizadeh Ahsaie, Mitra; Centis, Rosella; Sabeti, Mohammad; Sotgiu, Giovanni; Migliori, Giovanni Battista; Nasiri, Mohammad Javad. - In: NEW MICROBES AND NEW INFECTIONS. - ISSN 2052-2975. - 49:(2022), p. 101064. [10.1016/j.nmni.2022.101064]

The efficacy of mouthwashes in reducing SARS-CoV-2 viral loads in human saliva: A systematic review

Sotgiu, Giovanni;
2022-01-01

Abstract

This systematic review aimed to evaluate existing randomized controlled trials (RCT) and cohort studies on the efficacy of mouthwashes in reducing SARS-CoV-2 viral loads in human saliva. Searches with pertinent search terms were conducted in PubMed, MEDLINE, Scopus, and Web of Science databases for relevant records published up to Oct 15, 2022. Google Scholar and ProQuest were searched for grey literature. Manual searches were conducted as well for any pertinent articles. The protocol was prospectively registered at PROSPERO (CRD42022324894). Eligible studies were critically appraised for risk of bias and quality of evidence to assess the efficacy of mouthwash in reducing the SARS-CoV-2 viral load in human saliva. Eleven studies were included. The effect on viral load using various types of mouthwash was observed, including chlorhexidine (CHX), povidone-iodine (PI), cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC), hydrogen peroxide (HP), ß-cyclodextrin-citrox mouthwash (CDCM), and Hypochlorous acid (HCIO). Eight articles discussed CHX use. Five were found to be significant and three did not show any significant decrease in viral loads. Eight studies reviewed the use of PI, with five articles identifying a significant decrease in viral load, and three not showing a significant decrease in viral load. HP was reviewed in four studies, two studies identified significant viral load reductions, and two did not. CPC was reviewed in four studies, two of which identified significant viral load reductions, and two did not. CDCM was reviewed in one article which found a significant decrease in viral load reduction. Also, HCIO which was evaluated in one study indicated no significant difference in CT value. The current systematic review indicates that based on these eleven studies, mouthwashes are effective at reducing the SARS-CoV-2 viral load in human saliva. However, further studies should be performed on larger populations with different mouthwashes. The overall quality of evidence was high.
The efficacy of mouthwashes in reducing SARS-CoV-2 viral loads in human saliva: A systematic review / Ziaeefar, Pardis; Bostanghadiri, Narjes; Yousefzadeh, Parsa; Gabbay, Julian; Shahidi Bonjar, Amir Hashem; Ghazizadeh Ahsaie, Mitra; Centis, Rosella; Sabeti, Mohammad; Sotgiu, Giovanni; Migliori, Giovanni Battista; Nasiri, Mohammad Javad. - In: NEW MICROBES AND NEW INFECTIONS. - ISSN 2052-2975. - 49:(2022), p. 101064. [10.1016/j.nmni.2022.101064]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/300205
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