The processing of face expressions is a key ability to perform social interactions. Recently, it has been demonstrated that the excitability of the hand primary motor cortex (M1) increases following the view of negative faces expressions. Interhemispheric interactions and sensory-motor integration are cortical processes involving M1, which are known to be modulated by emotional and social behaviors. Whether these processes may mediate the effects of face emotional expressions on M1 excitability is unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the passive viewing of face emotional expressions on M1 interhemispheric connections and sensory-motor integration using standardized transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) protocols. Nineteen healthy subjects participated in the study. Interhemispheric inhibition (IHI) and short-afferent inhibition (SAI) were probed in the right first dorsal interosseous (FDI) muscle 300 ms after the randomized presentation of seven different face expressions (neutral, sadness, fear, disgust, surprise and happiness). Results showed a significantly reduced IHI following the passive viewing of fearful faces compared to neutral (p = .001) and happy (p = .035) faces and following the view of sad faces compared to neutral faces (p = .008). No effect of emotional faces was detected on SAI. Data suggest that sensory-motor integration process does not mediate the increased excitability of M1 induced by the view of negative face expressions. By contrast, it may be underpinned by a depression of IHI, which from a functional point of view may promote symmetrical avoiding movements of the hands in response to aversive stimuli.

Face emotional expressions influence interhemispheric inhibition / Loi, Nicola; Ginatempo, Francesca; Carta, Miriam; Melis, Francesco; Manca, Andrea; Deriu, Franca. - In: PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 0048-5772. - (2022), pp. 1-11. [10.1111/psyp.14234]

Face emotional expressions influence interhemispheric inhibition

Loi, Nicola;Ginatempo, Francesca
;
Carta, Miriam;Melis, Francesco;Manca, Andrea;Deriu, Franca
2022-01-01

Abstract

The processing of face expressions is a key ability to perform social interactions. Recently, it has been demonstrated that the excitability of the hand primary motor cortex (M1) increases following the view of negative faces expressions. Interhemispheric interactions and sensory-motor integration are cortical processes involving M1, which are known to be modulated by emotional and social behaviors. Whether these processes may mediate the effects of face emotional expressions on M1 excitability is unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the passive viewing of face emotional expressions on M1 interhemispheric connections and sensory-motor integration using standardized transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) protocols. Nineteen healthy subjects participated in the study. Interhemispheric inhibition (IHI) and short-afferent inhibition (SAI) were probed in the right first dorsal interosseous (FDI) muscle 300 ms after the randomized presentation of seven different face expressions (neutral, sadness, fear, disgust, surprise and happiness). Results showed a significantly reduced IHI following the passive viewing of fearful faces compared to neutral (p = .001) and happy (p = .035) faces and following the view of sad faces compared to neutral faces (p = .008). No effect of emotional faces was detected on SAI. Data suggest that sensory-motor integration process does not mediate the increased excitability of M1 induced by the view of negative face expressions. By contrast, it may be underpinned by a depression of IHI, which from a functional point of view may promote symmetrical avoiding movements of the hands in response to aversive stimuli.
Face emotional expressions influence interhemispheric inhibition / Loi, Nicola; Ginatempo, Francesca; Carta, Miriam; Melis, Francesco; Manca, Andrea; Deriu, Franca. - In: PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 0048-5772. - (2022), pp. 1-11. [10.1111/psyp.14234]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/300164
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