Oligothiophenes are especially appealing due to their promising applications in different fields, including photosensitive devices. In this context, anchoring a selected substituent on the main structure of the starting material can induce changes in redox and spectroscopic features, according to the nature of the substituent and its position on central or terminal rings. Here, an electrochemical and spectroscopic comparison between 2,2′:5′,2″-terthiophene (2), 5-Br-terthiophene (3) and 5-ethynyl-terthiophene (5-ET) is reported, aimed at elucidating the effect of the nature of the substituent on the energy gap value of the terthiophene skeleton. Furthermore, in order to understand the influence of a selected substituent in varying its position on the terthiophene backbone, 5-ET is compared to the previously described 3′-ethynyl-terthiophene (3′-ET). Experimental results are confirmed by DFT calculations, showing a higher extension of the electron density in 5-ET compared to 2 and 3, as well as to 3′-ET. In addition, as a consequence of the presence of the unsaturated fragment on the C-5-position, the energy gap value of poly-5-ET (the electrogenerated film from 5-ET) appears significantly lower than poly-2 and poly-3. Finally, the higher conjugation effect of a terminal acetylene fragment compared to a central one is confirmed by the energy gap values of poly-5-ET and poly-3′-ET.

Voltammetric and Spectroscopic Investigation of Electrogenerated Oligo-Thiophenes: Effect of Substituents on the Energy-Gap Value / Pilo, M. I.; Masolo, E.; Maidich, L.; Manca, P.; Sanna, G.; Spano, N.; Zucca, A.. - In: APPLIED SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3417. - 12:22(2022), p. 11714. [10.3390/app122211714]

Voltammetric and Spectroscopic Investigation of Electrogenerated Oligo-Thiophenes: Effect of Substituents on the Energy-Gap Value

Pilo M. I.
;
Masolo E.;Maidich L.;Sanna G.;Spano N.;Zucca A.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Oligothiophenes are especially appealing due to their promising applications in different fields, including photosensitive devices. In this context, anchoring a selected substituent on the main structure of the starting material can induce changes in redox and spectroscopic features, according to the nature of the substituent and its position on central or terminal rings. Here, an electrochemical and spectroscopic comparison between 2,2′:5′,2″-terthiophene (2), 5-Br-terthiophene (3) and 5-ethynyl-terthiophene (5-ET) is reported, aimed at elucidating the effect of the nature of the substituent on the energy gap value of the terthiophene skeleton. Furthermore, in order to understand the influence of a selected substituent in varying its position on the terthiophene backbone, 5-ET is compared to the previously described 3′-ethynyl-terthiophene (3′-ET). Experimental results are confirmed by DFT calculations, showing a higher extension of the electron density in 5-ET compared to 2 and 3, as well as to 3′-ET. In addition, as a consequence of the presence of the unsaturated fragment on the C-5-position, the energy gap value of poly-5-ET (the electrogenerated film from 5-ET) appears significantly lower than poly-2 and poly-3. Finally, the higher conjugation effect of a terminal acetylene fragment compared to a central one is confirmed by the energy gap values of poly-5-ET and poly-3′-ET.
Voltammetric and Spectroscopic Investigation of Electrogenerated Oligo-Thiophenes: Effect of Substituents on the Energy-Gap Value / Pilo, M. I.; Masolo, E.; Maidich, L.; Manca, P.; Sanna, G.; Spano, N.; Zucca, A.. - In: APPLIED SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3417. - 12:22(2022), p. 11714. [10.3390/app122211714]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/299104
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