Background Heavy metal cadmium (Cd) is a widespread environmental contaminant with a potential toxicity that might negatively affect female reproduction and fertility. It has been reported that Cd exposure impaired the quality of oocytes and led to a defective maturation and fertilization, through oxidative stress induction. Resveratrol (Res) is a natural polyphenol with strong antioxidant properties that exhibited protective role in preventing oocyte redox homeostasis disruption and quality decline. Here, we explored whether the addition of Res to in vitro maturation (IVM) medium might act as a protection against Cd-induced toxicity on ovine oocyte maturation and fertilization. Firstly, we evaluated the effect of supplementing IVM medium with two different Res concentrations (1 and 2 mu mol/L) on nuclear maturation and fertilization of oocytes matured under CdCl2 (2 mu mol/L) exposure. Therefore, the concentration of 1 mu mol/L Res was selected to analyse the effects of this compound on intracellular ROS levels, mitochondrial (mt) distribution and activity, chromatin configuration, cytoskeleton morphology, cortical granules (CGs) distribution and mRNA expression of genes associated with cellular response to oxidative stress (i.e. SIRT1, SOD 1, GPX1, GSR, CAT) in Cd-exposed in vitro matured oocytes. Results We found that 1 mu mol/L Res restored the reduced oocyte meiotic competence induced by Cd exposure as well as, Res sustained oocyte ability to be normally fertilized and decreased polyspermic fertilization at both tested concentrations. Moreover, we demonstrated that 1 mu mol/L Res mitigated Cd-induced alterations of oocyte cytoplasmic maturation by reducing reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation, preventing mt dysfunction, maintaining the correct meiotic spindle and cortical F-actin assembly and the normal cortical granule distribution as well as up-regulating SIRT1, SOD1 and GPX1 genes. Conclusions Taken together, our findings highlighted the beneficial influence exerted by Res in preventing Cd-induced disturbance of nuclear and cytoplasmic maturation and subsequent fertilization in ovine oocytes. Res treatment may help to establish defence strategies counteracting Cd-induced toxicity on the female gamete.

Protective effect of resveratrol against cadmium-induced toxicity on ovine oocyte in vitro maturation and fertilization / Piras, Ar; Ariu, F; Maltana, A; Leoni, Gg; Martino, Na; Mastrorocco, A; Dell'Aquila, Me; Bogliolo, L. - In: JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 2049-1891. - 13:1(2022). [10.1186/s40104-022-00731-1]

Protective effect of resveratrol against cadmium-induced toxicity on ovine oocyte in vitro maturation and fertilization

Piras, AR;Ariu, F;Maltana, A;Leoni, GG;Dell'Aquila, ME;Bogliolo, L
2022

Abstract

Background Heavy metal cadmium (Cd) is a widespread environmental contaminant with a potential toxicity that might negatively affect female reproduction and fertility. It has been reported that Cd exposure impaired the quality of oocytes and led to a defective maturation and fertilization, through oxidative stress induction. Resveratrol (Res) is a natural polyphenol with strong antioxidant properties that exhibited protective role in preventing oocyte redox homeostasis disruption and quality decline. Here, we explored whether the addition of Res to in vitro maturation (IVM) medium might act as a protection against Cd-induced toxicity on ovine oocyte maturation and fertilization. Firstly, we evaluated the effect of supplementing IVM medium with two different Res concentrations (1 and 2 mu mol/L) on nuclear maturation and fertilization of oocytes matured under CdCl2 (2 mu mol/L) exposure. Therefore, the concentration of 1 mu mol/L Res was selected to analyse the effects of this compound on intracellular ROS levels, mitochondrial (mt) distribution and activity, chromatin configuration, cytoskeleton morphology, cortical granules (CGs) distribution and mRNA expression of genes associated with cellular response to oxidative stress (i.e. SIRT1, SOD 1, GPX1, GSR, CAT) in Cd-exposed in vitro matured oocytes. Results We found that 1 mu mol/L Res restored the reduced oocyte meiotic competence induced by Cd exposure as well as, Res sustained oocyte ability to be normally fertilized and decreased polyspermic fertilization at both tested concentrations. Moreover, we demonstrated that 1 mu mol/L Res mitigated Cd-induced alterations of oocyte cytoplasmic maturation by reducing reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation, preventing mt dysfunction, maintaining the correct meiotic spindle and cortical F-actin assembly and the normal cortical granule distribution as well as up-regulating SIRT1, SOD1 and GPX1 genes. Conclusions Taken together, our findings highlighted the beneficial influence exerted by Res in preventing Cd-induced disturbance of nuclear and cytoplasmic maturation and subsequent fertilization in ovine oocytes. Res treatment may help to establish defence strategies counteracting Cd-induced toxicity on the female gamete.
Protective effect of resveratrol against cadmium-induced toxicity on ovine oocyte in vitro maturation and fertilization / Piras, Ar; Ariu, F; Maltana, A; Leoni, Gg; Martino, Na; Mastrorocco, A; Dell'Aquila, Me; Bogliolo, L. - In: JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 2049-1891. - 13:1(2022). [10.1186/s40104-022-00731-1]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/298624
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