Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) with bi-level positive pressure ventilation is a first-line intervention for selected patients with acute hypercapnic respiratory failure. Compared to conventional oxygen therapy, NIV may reduce endotracheal intubation, death, and intensive care unit length of stay (LOS), but its use is often limited by patient tolerance and treatment failure. High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) is a potential alternative treatment in this patient population and may be better tolerated.
High-flow nasal cannula versus non-invasive ventilation for acute hypercapnic respiratory failure in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials / Ovtcharenko, N; Ho, E; Alhazzani, W; Cortegiani, A; Ergan, B; Scala, R; Sotgiu, G; Chaudhuri, D; Oczkowski, S; Lewis, K. - In: CRITICAL CARE. - ISSN 1364-8535. - 26:1(2022). [10.1186/s13054-022-04218-3]