BACKGROUND There are little data on the epidemiological and clinical features of adult patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) in the different Italian regions, mainly derived from the absence of a national registry. This prevents correct interpretation of the disease burden. AIM To assess the main clinical and epidemiological features of adult patients diagnosed with UC in Sardinia, Italy. METHODS We performed a multicenter, observational, cross-sectional study that included adult patients with UC enrolled in seven gastroenterology unit centers in Sardinia. Data were obtained from the patients’ medical records and from a questionnaire administered at the inclusion visit. RESULTS Four hundred and forty-two patients with UC were included. The median age at diagnosis was 39 years (interquartile range 28-48). After a median disease duration of 10 years, 53 patients experienced proximal extension of proctitis or left-sided colitis. Seventy-five patients developed extraintestinal manifestations. Nineteen patients (4.3%) developed cancer: two with colorectal cancer and seventeen with extracolonic cancers. Mesalazine (5-ASA) remains the mainstay of treatment for UC. Overall, 95 patients (21.5%) were treated with one or more biologic agents, whereas 15 patients (3.4%) underwent surgery, mostly colectomy. CONCLUSION Our results provide important insights into the clinical and epidemiological features of patients with UC, and while waiting for a national Italian registry, present eligible data on the UC population in Sardinia

Clinical and epidemiological features of ulcerative colitis patients in Sardinia, Italy: Results from a multicenter study / Magri, S.; Demurtas, M.; Onidi, M. F.; Picchio, M.; Elisei, W.; Marzo, M.; Miculan, F.; Manca, R.; Dore, M. P.; Colosso, B. M. Q.; Cicu, A.; Cugia, L.; Carta, M.; Binaghi, L.; Usai, P.; Lai, M.; Chicco, F.; Fantini, M. C.; Armuzzi, A.; Mocci, G.. - In: WORLD JOURNAL OF CLINICAL CASES. - ISSN 2307-8960. - 10:30(2022), pp. 10921-10930. [10.12998/wjcc.v10.i30.10921]

Clinical and epidemiological features of ulcerative colitis patients in Sardinia, Italy: Results from a multicenter study

Dore M. P.;Cicu A.
Investigation
;
2022

Abstract

BACKGROUND There are little data on the epidemiological and clinical features of adult patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) in the different Italian regions, mainly derived from the absence of a national registry. This prevents correct interpretation of the disease burden. AIM To assess the main clinical and epidemiological features of adult patients diagnosed with UC in Sardinia, Italy. METHODS We performed a multicenter, observational, cross-sectional study that included adult patients with UC enrolled in seven gastroenterology unit centers in Sardinia. Data were obtained from the patients’ medical records and from a questionnaire administered at the inclusion visit. RESULTS Four hundred and forty-two patients with UC were included. The median age at diagnosis was 39 years (interquartile range 28-48). After a median disease duration of 10 years, 53 patients experienced proximal extension of proctitis or left-sided colitis. Seventy-five patients developed extraintestinal manifestations. Nineteen patients (4.3%) developed cancer: two with colorectal cancer and seventeen with extracolonic cancers. Mesalazine (5-ASA) remains the mainstay of treatment for UC. Overall, 95 patients (21.5%) were treated with one or more biologic agents, whereas 15 patients (3.4%) underwent surgery, mostly colectomy. CONCLUSION Our results provide important insights into the clinical and epidemiological features of patients with UC, and while waiting for a national Italian registry, present eligible data on the UC population in Sardinia
Clinical and epidemiological features of ulcerative colitis patients in Sardinia, Italy: Results from a multicenter study / Magri, S.; Demurtas, M.; Onidi, M. F.; Picchio, M.; Elisei, W.; Marzo, M.; Miculan, F.; Manca, R.; Dore, M. P.; Colosso, B. M. Q.; Cicu, A.; Cugia, L.; Carta, M.; Binaghi, L.; Usai, P.; Lai, M.; Chicco, F.; Fantini, M. C.; Armuzzi, A.; Mocci, G.. - In: WORLD JOURNAL OF CLINICAL CASES. - ISSN 2307-8960. - 10:30(2022), pp. 10921-10930. [10.12998/wjcc.v10.i30.10921]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/297785
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