Background. Among patients with celiac disease (CD), there is an increased incidence of autoimmune thyroid disorders (AITDs), with hypothyroidism being more frequent than hyperthyroidism. This retrospective case-control study aimed to explore the prevalence of TDs in a population of adult celiac patients from Northern Sardinia, a geographic area with a high prevalence of autoimmune disorders. Methods. Data were collected from consecutive patients with CD (cases) and without CD (controls) who were undergoing upper endoscopy and referred to a tertiary gastroenterology section of a teaching hospital (University of Sassari, Italy). Thyroid disorders were stratified as (i) autoimmune: including Hashimoto’s disease in euthyroidism or with hypofunction, and Graves’ disease; or (ii) non-autoimmune: thyroid nodules/goiter, iatrogenic thyroid hypo/hyperfunction, and thyroidectomy for any reason, including cancer. Results. Among a total of 8489 participants (females 5839, 64.7%) enrolled, there were 623 (7.3%) celiac patients and 7866 controls (92.7%). The overall frequency of TDs was 1177 (13.9%) and was higher (26.0%) in celiac patients than in controls (12.9%) (p < 0.001). The difference between AITDs (15.4% vs. 7.5%) and no-AITDs (2.7% vs. 1.1%) was statistically significant in CD patients compared with controls, respectively, and prevailed in the fifth and sixth decades. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis was more commonly associated with gland hypofunction. Odds ratios with their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the presence of AITDs were calculated, adjusting for sex, age, body mass index, smoking habits, occupation, and residence, and they were 2.387 (95% CI 1.857–3.068, p < 0.001) in CD patients, 5.855 (95% CI 4.434–7.731, p < 0.001) for female sex, and 1.012 (95% CI, 1.007–1.017, p < 0.001) for age. Conclusion. These results suggest the need for surveillance for TDs in patients with CD at onset and during follow-up.

Autoimmune Thyroid Disorders Are More Prevalent in Patients with Celiac Disease: A Retrospective Case-Control Study / Dore, M. P.; Fanciulli, G.; Rouatbi, M.; Mereu, S.; Pes, G. M.. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 11:20(2022), p. 6027. [10.3390/jcm11206027]

Autoimmune Thyroid Disorders Are More Prevalent in Patients with Celiac Disease: A Retrospective Case-Control Study

Dore M. P.
;
Fanciulli G.;Rouatbi M.
Investigation
;
Pes G. M.
2022

Abstract

Background. Among patients with celiac disease (CD), there is an increased incidence of autoimmune thyroid disorders (AITDs), with hypothyroidism being more frequent than hyperthyroidism. This retrospective case-control study aimed to explore the prevalence of TDs in a population of adult celiac patients from Northern Sardinia, a geographic area with a high prevalence of autoimmune disorders. Methods. Data were collected from consecutive patients with CD (cases) and without CD (controls) who were undergoing upper endoscopy and referred to a tertiary gastroenterology section of a teaching hospital (University of Sassari, Italy). Thyroid disorders were stratified as (i) autoimmune: including Hashimoto’s disease in euthyroidism or with hypofunction, and Graves’ disease; or (ii) non-autoimmune: thyroid nodules/goiter, iatrogenic thyroid hypo/hyperfunction, and thyroidectomy for any reason, including cancer. Results. Among a total of 8489 participants (females 5839, 64.7%) enrolled, there were 623 (7.3%) celiac patients and 7866 controls (92.7%). The overall frequency of TDs was 1177 (13.9%) and was higher (26.0%) in celiac patients than in controls (12.9%) (p < 0.001). The difference between AITDs (15.4% vs. 7.5%) and no-AITDs (2.7% vs. 1.1%) was statistically significant in CD patients compared with controls, respectively, and prevailed in the fifth and sixth decades. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis was more commonly associated with gland hypofunction. Odds ratios with their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the presence of AITDs were calculated, adjusting for sex, age, body mass index, smoking habits, occupation, and residence, and they were 2.387 (95% CI 1.857–3.068, p < 0.001) in CD patients, 5.855 (95% CI 4.434–7.731, p < 0.001) for female sex, and 1.012 (95% CI, 1.007–1.017, p < 0.001) for age. Conclusion. These results suggest the need for surveillance for TDs in patients with CD at onset and during follow-up.
Autoimmune Thyroid Disorders Are More Prevalent in Patients with Celiac Disease: A Retrospective Case-Control Study / Dore, M. P.; Fanciulli, G.; Rouatbi, M.; Mereu, S.; Pes, G. M.. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 11:20(2022), p. 6027. [10.3390/jcm11206027]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/297784
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