ASD is a neurodevelopmental disorder of unknown aetiology but with a known contribution of pathogenic immune-mediated mechanisms. HERVs are associated with several neuropsychiatric diseases, including ASD. We studied anti-HERV-W,-K and-H-env immune profiles in ASD children to analyse differences between their respective mothers and child/mother control pairs and possible correlations to ASD severity and loss of adaptive abilities. Of the 84 studied individuals, 42 children (23 ASD and 19 neurotypical) and their paired mothers underwent clinical and neuropsychological evaluations. ASD severity was analysed with standardised tests. Adaptive functioning was studied with ABAS-II and GAC index. Plasma anti-env responses of HERV-K,-H and-W were tested with indirect ELISA. ASD and neurotypical children did not differ in age, gender, comorbidities and anti-HERV responses. In children with ASD, anti-HERV levels were not correlated to ASD severity, while a significant inverse correlation was found between anti-HERV-W-248-262 levels and adaptive/social abilities. Upregulation of anti-HERV-W response correlates to dysfunctional social and adaptive competences in ASD but not in controls, suggesting anti-HERV response plays a role in the appearance of peculiar ASD symptoms.

Antihuman Endogenous Retrovirus Immune Response and Adaptive Dysfunction in Autism / Carta, A.; Manca, M. A.; Scoppola, C.; Simula, E. R.; Noli, M.; Ruberto, S.; Conti, M.; Zarbo, I. R.; Antonucci, R.; Sechi, L. A.; Sotgiu, S.. - In: BIOMEDICINES. - ISSN 2227-9059. - 10:6(2022), p. 1365. [10.3390/biomedicines10061365]

Antihuman Endogenous Retrovirus Immune Response and Adaptive Dysfunction in Autism

Carta A.;Simula E. R.;Ruberto S.;Zarbo I. R.;Antonucci R.;Sechi L. A.;Sotgiu S.
2022

Abstract

ASD is a neurodevelopmental disorder of unknown aetiology but with a known contribution of pathogenic immune-mediated mechanisms. HERVs are associated with several neuropsychiatric diseases, including ASD. We studied anti-HERV-W,-K and-H-env immune profiles in ASD children to analyse differences between their respective mothers and child/mother control pairs and possible correlations to ASD severity and loss of adaptive abilities. Of the 84 studied individuals, 42 children (23 ASD and 19 neurotypical) and their paired mothers underwent clinical and neuropsychological evaluations. ASD severity was analysed with standardised tests. Adaptive functioning was studied with ABAS-II and GAC index. Plasma anti-env responses of HERV-K,-H and-W were tested with indirect ELISA. ASD and neurotypical children did not differ in age, gender, comorbidities and anti-HERV responses. In children with ASD, anti-HERV levels were not correlated to ASD severity, while a significant inverse correlation was found between anti-HERV-W-248-262 levels and adaptive/social abilities. Upregulation of anti-HERV-W response correlates to dysfunctional social and adaptive competences in ASD but not in controls, suggesting anti-HERV response plays a role in the appearance of peculiar ASD symptoms.
Antihuman Endogenous Retrovirus Immune Response and Adaptive Dysfunction in Autism / Carta, A.; Manca, M. A.; Scoppola, C.; Simula, E. R.; Noli, M.; Ruberto, S.; Conti, M.; Zarbo, I. R.; Antonucci, R.; Sechi, L. A.; Sotgiu, S.. - In: BIOMEDICINES. - ISSN 2227-9059. - 10:6(2022), p. 1365. [10.3390/biomedicines10061365]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/296687
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