Aim/Hypothesis: To compare the frequency of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) at diagnosis of type 1 diabetes in Italy during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 with the frequency of DKA during 2017-2019. Methods: Forty-seven pediatric diabetes centers caring for >90% of young people with diabetes in Italy recruited 4,237 newly diagnosed children with type 1 diabetes between 2017 and 2020 in a longitudinal study. Four subperiods in 2020 were defined based on government-imposed containment measures for COVID-19, and the frequencies of DKA and severe DKA compared with the same periods in 2017-2019. Results: Overall, the frequency of DKA increased from 35.7% (95%CI, 33.5-36.9) in 2017-2019 to 39.6% (95%CI, 36.7-42.4) in 2020 (p=0.008), while the frequency of severe DKA increased from 10.4% in 2017-2019 (95%CI, 9.4-11.5) to 14.2% in 2020 (95%CI, 12.3-16.4, p<0.001). DKA and severe DKA increased during the early pandemic period by 10.4% (p=0.004) and 8% (p=0.002), respectively, and the increase continued throughout 2020. Immigrant background increased and high household income decreased the probability of presenting with DKA (OR: 1.55; 95%CI, 1.24-1.94; p<0.001 and OR: 0.60; 95 CI, 0.41-0.88; p=0.010, respectively). Conclusions/Interpretation: There was an increase in the frequency of DKA and severe DKA in children newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, with no apparent association with the severity of COVID-19 infection severity or containment measures. There has been a silent outbreak of DKA in children during the pandemic, and preventive action is required to prevent this phenomenon in the event of further generalized lockdowns or future outbreaks.

The silent epidemic of diabetic ketoacidosis at diagnosis of type 1 diabetes in children and adolescents in Italy during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 / Cherubini, Valentino; Marino, Monica; Scaramuzza, Andrea E.; Tiberi, Valentina; Bobbio, Adriana; Delvecchio, Maurizio; Piccinno, Elvira; Ortolani, Federica; Innaurato, Stefania; Felappi, Barbara; Gallo, Francesco; Ripoli, Carlo; Ricciardi, Maria Rossella; Pascarella, Filomena; Stamati, Filomena A.; Citriniti, Felice; Arnaldi, Claudia; Monti, Sara; Graziani, Vanna; De Berardinis, Fiorella; Giannini, Cosimo; Chiarelli, Francesco; Zampolli, Maria; De Marco, Rosaria; Bracciolini, Giulia Patrizia; Grosso, Caterina; De Donno, Valeria; Piccini, Barbara; Toni, Sonia; Coccioli, Susanna; Cardinale, Giuliana; Bassi, Marta; Minuto, Nicola; D’Annunzio, Giuseppe; Maffeis, Claudio; Marigliano, Marco; Zanfardino, Angela; Iafusco, Dario; Rollato, Assunta S.; Piscopo, Alessia; Curto, Stefano; Lombardo, Fortunato; Bombaci, Bruno; Sordelli, Silvia; Mameli, Chiara; Macedoni, Maddalena; Rigamonti, Andrea; Bonfanti, Riccardo; Frontino, Giulio; Predieri, Barbara; Bruzzi, Patrizia; Mozzillo, Enza; Rosanio, Francesco; Franzese, Adriana; Piredda, Gavina; Cardella, Francesca; Iovane, Brunella; Calcaterra, Valeria; Berioli, Maria Giulia; Lasagni, Anna; Pampanini, Valentina; Patera, Patrizia Ippolita; Schiaffini, Riccardo; Rutigliano, Irene; Meloni, Gianfranco; De Sanctis, Luisa; Tinti, Davide; Trada, Michela; Guerraggio, Lucia Paola; Franceschi, Roberto; Cauvin, Vittoria; Tornese, Gianluca; Franco, Francesca; Musolino, Gianluca; Maltoni, Giulio; Talarico, Valentina; Iannilli, Antonio; Lenzi, Lorenzo; Matteoli, Maria Cristina; Pozzi, Erica; Moretti, Carlo; Zucchini, Stefano; Rabbone, Ivana; Gesuita, Rosaria. - In: FRONTIERS IN ENDOCRINOLOGY. - ISSN 1664-2392. - 13:878634 eCollection 2022.(2022). [10.3389/fendo.2022.878634]

The silent epidemic of diabetic ketoacidosis at diagnosis of type 1 diabetes in children and adolescents in Italy during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020

Meloni, Gianfranco;
2022

Abstract

Aim/Hypothesis: To compare the frequency of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) at diagnosis of type 1 diabetes in Italy during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 with the frequency of DKA during 2017-2019. Methods: Forty-seven pediatric diabetes centers caring for >90% of young people with diabetes in Italy recruited 4,237 newly diagnosed children with type 1 diabetes between 2017 and 2020 in a longitudinal study. Four subperiods in 2020 were defined based on government-imposed containment measures for COVID-19, and the frequencies of DKA and severe DKA compared with the same periods in 2017-2019. Results: Overall, the frequency of DKA increased from 35.7% (95%CI, 33.5-36.9) in 2017-2019 to 39.6% (95%CI, 36.7-42.4) in 2020 (p=0.008), while the frequency of severe DKA increased from 10.4% in 2017-2019 (95%CI, 9.4-11.5) to 14.2% in 2020 (95%CI, 12.3-16.4, p<0.001). DKA and severe DKA increased during the early pandemic period by 10.4% (p=0.004) and 8% (p=0.002), respectively, and the increase continued throughout 2020. Immigrant background increased and high household income decreased the probability of presenting with DKA (OR: 1.55; 95%CI, 1.24-1.94; p<0.001 and OR: 0.60; 95 CI, 0.41-0.88; p=0.010, respectively). Conclusions/Interpretation: There was an increase in the frequency of DKA and severe DKA in children newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, with no apparent association with the severity of COVID-19 infection severity or containment measures. There has been a silent outbreak of DKA in children during the pandemic, and preventive action is required to prevent this phenomenon in the event of further generalized lockdowns or future outbreaks.
The silent epidemic of diabetic ketoacidosis at diagnosis of type 1 diabetes in children and adolescents in Italy during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 / Cherubini, Valentino; Marino, Monica; Scaramuzza, Andrea E.; Tiberi, Valentina; Bobbio, Adriana; Delvecchio, Maurizio; Piccinno, Elvira; Ortolani, Federica; Innaurato, Stefania; Felappi, Barbara; Gallo, Francesco; Ripoli, Carlo; Ricciardi, Maria Rossella; Pascarella, Filomena; Stamati, Filomena A.; Citriniti, Felice; Arnaldi, Claudia; Monti, Sara; Graziani, Vanna; De Berardinis, Fiorella; Giannini, Cosimo; Chiarelli, Francesco; Zampolli, Maria; De Marco, Rosaria; Bracciolini, Giulia Patrizia; Grosso, Caterina; De Donno, Valeria; Piccini, Barbara; Toni, Sonia; Coccioli, Susanna; Cardinale, Giuliana; Bassi, Marta; Minuto, Nicola; D’Annunzio, Giuseppe; Maffeis, Claudio; Marigliano, Marco; Zanfardino, Angela; Iafusco, Dario; Rollato, Assunta S.; Piscopo, Alessia; Curto, Stefano; Lombardo, Fortunato; Bombaci, Bruno; Sordelli, Silvia; Mameli, Chiara; Macedoni, Maddalena; Rigamonti, Andrea; Bonfanti, Riccardo; Frontino, Giulio; Predieri, Barbara; Bruzzi, Patrizia; Mozzillo, Enza; Rosanio, Francesco; Franzese, Adriana; Piredda, Gavina; Cardella, Francesca; Iovane, Brunella; Calcaterra, Valeria; Berioli, Maria Giulia; Lasagni, Anna; Pampanini, Valentina; Patera, Patrizia Ippolita; Schiaffini, Riccardo; Rutigliano, Irene; Meloni, Gianfranco; De Sanctis, Luisa; Tinti, Davide; Trada, Michela; Guerraggio, Lucia Paola; Franceschi, Roberto; Cauvin, Vittoria; Tornese, Gianluca; Franco, Francesca; Musolino, Gianluca; Maltoni, Giulio; Talarico, Valentina; Iannilli, Antonio; Lenzi, Lorenzo; Matteoli, Maria Cristina; Pozzi, Erica; Moretti, Carlo; Zucchini, Stefano; Rabbone, Ivana; Gesuita, Rosaria. - In: FRONTIERS IN ENDOCRINOLOGY. - ISSN 1664-2392. - 13:878634 eCollection 2022.(2022). [10.3389/fendo.2022.878634]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/294083
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