Background: Since the beginning of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, millions of people have been infected and died. Different therapeutic approaches have been recommended, but only a few have shown clinical advantages. Low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) has been recommended to prevent COVID-19-related thrombo-embolic events. We aim to evaluate the impact of early treatment with LMWH on hospital admission and death in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Methods: We conducted an observational monocentric retrospective study to evaluate the preventive role of LMWH on the mortality rate of COVID-19 patients. SARS-CoV-2 infected patients were recruited from the beginning of the Italian epidemic to March 31st, 2021. We excluded patients with missing data and those chronically exposed to LMWH. Treatment prescription was based on international and national guidelines and modified depending on clinical presentation and drug-drug interactions. Results: of 734 SARS-CoV-2 infected patients were recruited, with 357 (48.6%) males and a median (IQR) age of 77.9 (65-85.7) years. 77.5% of people developed SARS-CoV-2-related symptoms and 62.8% were admitted to the hospital, and 20.2% died. Four hundred ninety-two (67%) started LMWH. In particular, 296 (40.3%) were treated within five days since symptoms onset. At logistic regression, early LMWH therapy was associated with lower mortality. Furthermore, remdesivir treatment showed a lower risk of death. On the contrary, age, BMI >30Kg/m2, neurological diseases, fever or dyspnea were associated with an increased risk of death. Conclusions: In conclusion, early treatment with LMWH was associated with lower mortality in our cohort. Further studies are needed to better assess the role of wider LMWH administration in terms of timing and regimen dose.

Early treatment with low-molecular-weight heparin reduces mortality rate in SARS-CoV-2 patients / DE Vito, Andrea; Saderi, Laura; Fiore, Vito; Geremia, Nicholas; Princic, Elija; Fanelli, Chiara; Muredda, Alberto A; Panu Napodano, Catello; Moi, Giulia; Maida, Ivana; Fois, Alessandro G; Sotgiu, Giovanni; Madeddu, Giordano; Babudieri, Sergio. - In: PANMINERVA MEDICA. - ISSN 1827-1898. - (2022). [10.23736/S0031-0808.22.04572-4]

Early treatment with low-molecular-weight heparin reduces mortality rate in SARS-CoV-2 patients

DE Vito, Andrea;Saderi, Laura;Fiore, Vito;Geremia, Nicholas;Princic, Elija;Fanelli, Chiara;Moi, Giulia;Maida, Ivana;Fois, Alessandro G;Sotgiu, Giovanni;Madeddu, Giordano;Babudieri, Sergio
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: Since the beginning of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, millions of people have been infected and died. Different therapeutic approaches have been recommended, but only a few have shown clinical advantages. Low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) has been recommended to prevent COVID-19-related thrombo-embolic events. We aim to evaluate the impact of early treatment with LMWH on hospital admission and death in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Methods: We conducted an observational monocentric retrospective study to evaluate the preventive role of LMWH on the mortality rate of COVID-19 patients. SARS-CoV-2 infected patients were recruited from the beginning of the Italian epidemic to March 31st, 2021. We excluded patients with missing data and those chronically exposed to LMWH. Treatment prescription was based on international and national guidelines and modified depending on clinical presentation and drug-drug interactions. Results: of 734 SARS-CoV-2 infected patients were recruited, with 357 (48.6%) males and a median (IQR) age of 77.9 (65-85.7) years. 77.5% of people developed SARS-CoV-2-related symptoms and 62.8% were admitted to the hospital, and 20.2% died. Four hundred ninety-two (67%) started LMWH. In particular, 296 (40.3%) were treated within five days since symptoms onset. At logistic regression, early LMWH therapy was associated with lower mortality. Furthermore, remdesivir treatment showed a lower risk of death. On the contrary, age, BMI >30Kg/m2, neurological diseases, fever or dyspnea were associated with an increased risk of death. Conclusions: In conclusion, early treatment with LMWH was associated with lower mortality in our cohort. Further studies are needed to better assess the role of wider LMWH administration in terms of timing and regimen dose.
Early treatment with low-molecular-weight heparin reduces mortality rate in SARS-CoV-2 patients / DE Vito, Andrea; Saderi, Laura; Fiore, Vito; Geremia, Nicholas; Princic, Elija; Fanelli, Chiara; Muredda, Alberto A; Panu Napodano, Catello; Moi, Giulia; Maida, Ivana; Fois, Alessandro G; Sotgiu, Giovanni; Madeddu, Giordano; Babudieri, Sergio. - In: PANMINERVA MEDICA. - ISSN 1827-1898. - (2022). [10.23736/S0031-0808.22.04572-4]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/291975
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