In his research on the analysis of languages, Culioli (1968, 1971) states that it is essential to build a system of representation with formal properties in order to be able to perform a calculus in linguistics. We will try here to identify the basis of Culioli’s theoretical formalization which allowed Adamczewski (1978) to construct his metaoperational grammar of English, a grammar consisting of principles later established by this author as universal, starting from the English be + ing structure. In line with the formalization in linguistics as stated by Culioli, we have incorporated other principles and tools into Adamczewski’s model, such as the part / whole principle or the inference generation principle. This has allowed us to determine other characteristics of this structure, such as its ability to refer to past events, even when conjugated in present tense. This integrated model, built along Culiolian formalization parameters, allows us not only to analyze and better understand the enunciative functioning of the structure, or its equivalents in other languages, such as in French être en train de, but also to sketch, still within the enunciative framework, a new hypothesis on the possible metaphorical motivation of the latter.

Culioli, Adamczewski et la linguistique anglaise / LAURENCIO TACORONTE, Ariel. - In: ANGLOPHONIA. - ISSN 2427-0466. - 31:(2021), pp. 1-27. [10.4000/anglophonia.4566]

Culioli, Adamczewski et la linguistique anglaise

Ariel Laurencio
2021

Abstract

In his research on the analysis of languages, Culioli (1968, 1971) states that it is essential to build a system of representation with formal properties in order to be able to perform a calculus in linguistics. We will try here to identify the basis of Culioli’s theoretical formalization which allowed Adamczewski (1978) to construct his metaoperational grammar of English, a grammar consisting of principles later established by this author as universal, starting from the English be + ing structure. In line with the formalization in linguistics as stated by Culioli, we have incorporated other principles and tools into Adamczewski’s model, such as the part / whole principle or the inference generation principle. This has allowed us to determine other characteristics of this structure, such as its ability to refer to past events, even when conjugated in present tense. This integrated model, built along Culiolian formalization parameters, allows us not only to analyze and better understand the enunciative functioning of the structure, or its equivalents in other languages, such as in French être en train de, but also to sketch, still within the enunciative framework, a new hypothesis on the possible metaphorical motivation of the latter.
Dans sa recherche sur l’analyse des langues, Culioli (1968, 1971) stipule qu’il est essentiel de construire un système de représentations avec des propriétés formelles pour effectuer des calculs en linguistique. Dans cet article, nous tentons d’identifier les fondements de la formalisation théorique culiolienne qui ont permis à Adamczewski (1978) de construire sa grammaire méta-opérationnelle de l’anglais, grammaire consistant en des principes qu’il considérera plus tard comme principes universels, à partir de la structure anglaise be + ing. À la manière de la formalisation en linguistique établie par Culioli, nous avons intégré d’autres principes et outils au modèle adamczewskien, comme le principe partie / tout ou le principe de génération d’inférences par exemple. Cela permet de déterminer d’autres caractéristiques de cette structure, telles que sa capacité à se référer à des événements révolus, même lorsqu’elle est conjuguée au présent. Ce modèle intégré, construit avec des paramètres de formalisation culioliens, nous permet d’analyser et de mieux comprendre le fonctionnement énonciatif de la structure, ou de ses équivalents dans d’autres langues, comme en français être en train de. Il nous permet également d’esquisser, toujours dans le cadre énonciativiste, une hypothèse sur la possible motivation métaphorique dans le cas du français.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11388/276439
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