Intra-follicular oocyte transfer (IFOT) is a promising and innovative technique for in vivo embryo production previously described for equines and bovines. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of IFOT in the ovine species. Two preliminary in vivo and in vitro trials were performed to test the optimal procedures and timing for IFOT. In the in vivo trial, follicular growth was monitored with transrectal ultrasonography in ten adult ewes to preliminarily determine the ovulation and ideal timing for IFOT. The in vitro trial assessed i) the optimal inner diameter of the injection needle and ii) the recovery rate and integrity of injected cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) after follicle aspiration. For IFOT and embryo collection, five ewes were synchronized by CIDR insertion. Forty hours after CIDR removal, in ewes under sedation and general anesthesia, the ovaries were exposed by laparotomy, and the preovulatory follicle was injected with COCs previously collected from ovaries obtained from an abattoir. At 4 h after surgery, fully recovered ewes were housed in a paddock with a ram of proven fertility. Crayon marking on ram's chest was used to detect mating. Ovulation was assessed 40 h after the transfer of oocytes by transrectal ultrasonography. On day 6 after IFOT, embryo collection was performed by uterine flushing. In the in vitro testing, injection of >5 mm follicles with a 28 G needle loaded with 30 COCs in a 5 μL volume resulted in higher recovery rates and better preservation of COCs integrity. In the in vivo trial, ultrasound scanning revealed that ovulation occurred between 60 and 72 h after CIDR removal in all animals. In one ewe subjected to IFOT, 22/24 oocytes were effectively injected into the preovulatory follicle, but no embryos were collected after flushing. In the remaining four animals, 85/102 oocytes were injected, and six cleaved embryos, 12 morulae and 1 blastocyst were collected, including native embryos. This preliminary investigation indicated that IFOT in ovine species resulted in ovulation, fimbrial capture, tubal transport of heterologous oocytes and in vivo embryo production. Further studies are needed to optimize the embryo recovery rate and develop less invasive techniques for oocyte injection and uterine flushing, such as through a laparoscopic or transcervical approach.

Intrafollicular oocyte transfer (IFOT): Potential feasibility in the ovine species / Falchi, L.; Pivato, I.; Ledda, M.; Melosu, V.; Scanu, A.; Pau, S.; Ledda, S.; Zedda, M. T.. - In: THERIOGENOLOGY. - ISSN 0093-691X. - 179:(2022), pp. 7-13. [10.1016/j.theriogenology.2021.11.009]

Intrafollicular oocyte transfer (IFOT): Potential feasibility in the ovine species

Falchi L.
;
Ledda M.;Melosu V.;Scanu A.;Pau S.;Ledda S.;Zedda M. T.
2022

Abstract

Intra-follicular oocyte transfer (IFOT) is a promising and innovative technique for in vivo embryo production previously described for equines and bovines. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of IFOT in the ovine species. Two preliminary in vivo and in vitro trials were performed to test the optimal procedures and timing for IFOT. In the in vivo trial, follicular growth was monitored with transrectal ultrasonography in ten adult ewes to preliminarily determine the ovulation and ideal timing for IFOT. The in vitro trial assessed i) the optimal inner diameter of the injection needle and ii) the recovery rate and integrity of injected cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) after follicle aspiration. For IFOT and embryo collection, five ewes were synchronized by CIDR insertion. Forty hours after CIDR removal, in ewes under sedation and general anesthesia, the ovaries were exposed by laparotomy, and the preovulatory follicle was injected with COCs previously collected from ovaries obtained from an abattoir. At 4 h after surgery, fully recovered ewes were housed in a paddock with a ram of proven fertility. Crayon marking on ram's chest was used to detect mating. Ovulation was assessed 40 h after the transfer of oocytes by transrectal ultrasonography. On day 6 after IFOT, embryo collection was performed by uterine flushing. In the in vitro testing, injection of >5 mm follicles with a 28 G needle loaded with 30 COCs in a 5 μL volume resulted in higher recovery rates and better preservation of COCs integrity. In the in vivo trial, ultrasound scanning revealed that ovulation occurred between 60 and 72 h after CIDR removal in all animals. In one ewe subjected to IFOT, 22/24 oocytes were effectively injected into the preovulatory follicle, but no embryos were collected after flushing. In the remaining four animals, 85/102 oocytes were injected, and six cleaved embryos, 12 morulae and 1 blastocyst were collected, including native embryos. This preliminary investigation indicated that IFOT in ovine species resulted in ovulation, fimbrial capture, tubal transport of heterologous oocytes and in vivo embryo production. Further studies are needed to optimize the embryo recovery rate and develop less invasive techniques for oocyte injection and uterine flushing, such as through a laparoscopic or transcervical approach.
Intrafollicular oocyte transfer (IFOT): Potential feasibility in the ovine species / Falchi, L.; Pivato, I.; Ledda, M.; Melosu, V.; Scanu, A.; Pau, S.; Ledda, S.; Zedda, M. T.. - In: THERIOGENOLOGY. - ISSN 0093-691X. - 179:(2022), pp. 7-13. [10.1016/j.theriogenology.2021.11.009]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/274595
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