Background:The hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSPs) are pleiomorphic disorders of motor pathway and a large number of affected genes have been discovered. Yet, mutations in SPG4/SPASTrepresent the most frequent molecular etiology in autosomal dominant (AD) patients and sporadic cases. We describe a large, AD-HSP Sardinian family where 5 out of several living members harbored a novel deletion affecting also the 5′UTR ofSPASTand resulting in reduced expression ofDPY30, the gene located upstreamSPASTin a head-to-head manner.Case presentation:A 54-year-old woman manifested leg stiffness at age 39 and required a cane to walk at age 50. Neurological examination disclosed mild spasticity and weakness in the legs, hyperreflexia in all limbs, and bilateral Babinski sign. She also complained of urinary urgency, but no additional neurological symptoms or signs were detected at examination. The clinical examination of 24 additional relatives disclosed three further affected individuals, two men and one woman. In the four symptomatic patients the initial manifestations were walking abnormalities and leg stiffness with a mean age at onset (SD) of 46.75 (5.44) years (range 39–51). The mean disease duration was 13.2 (13.4) years (range 6–35), and it correlated well with clinical severity (SPRS score) (r= 0.975,p= 0.005). One patient was confined to bed and displayed knee and ankle contractures, another case needed a cane to walk, and two individuals were able to walk without aids. Interestingly, a patient had also had a miscarriage during her first pregnancy.Gene testing revealed an heterozygous deletion spanning from the 5′-UTR to intron 4 ofSPASTin the affected individuals and in one clinically unaffected woman. In three affected patients, the deletion also determined low mRNA levels ofSPASTandDPY30, a component of the Set1-like multiprotein histone methyltransferase complex located upstream, head-to-head withSPAST.Conclusion:Together with data described in a Japanese family, our findings seem to suggest that genes close to spastin might be candidates in modulating the clinical phenotype. This report endorses future research on the role of neighboring genes as potential players in SPG4 disease variability.

Novel SPAST deletion and reducedDPY30expression in a spastic paraplegia type 4 kindred / Pugliatti, Maura; Agnetti, Virgilio. - 15:(2014). [10.1186/1471-2350-15-39]

Novel SPAST deletion and reducedDPY30expression in a spastic paraplegia type 4 kindred

Pugliatti, Maura;Agnetti, Virgilio;
2014

Abstract

Background:The hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSPs) are pleiomorphic disorders of motor pathway and a large number of affected genes have been discovered. Yet, mutations in SPG4/SPASTrepresent the most frequent molecular etiology in autosomal dominant (AD) patients and sporadic cases. We describe a large, AD-HSP Sardinian family where 5 out of several living members harbored a novel deletion affecting also the 5′UTR ofSPASTand resulting in reduced expression ofDPY30, the gene located upstreamSPASTin a head-to-head manner.Case presentation:A 54-year-old woman manifested leg stiffness at age 39 and required a cane to walk at age 50. Neurological examination disclosed mild spasticity and weakness in the legs, hyperreflexia in all limbs, and bilateral Babinski sign. She also complained of urinary urgency, but no additional neurological symptoms or signs were detected at examination. The clinical examination of 24 additional relatives disclosed three further affected individuals, two men and one woman. In the four symptomatic patients the initial manifestations were walking abnormalities and leg stiffness with a mean age at onset (SD) of 46.75 (5.44) years (range 39–51). The mean disease duration was 13.2 (13.4) years (range 6–35), and it correlated well with clinical severity (SPRS score) (r= 0.975,p= 0.005). One patient was confined to bed and displayed knee and ankle contractures, another case needed a cane to walk, and two individuals were able to walk without aids. Interestingly, a patient had also had a miscarriage during her first pregnancy.Gene testing revealed an heterozygous deletion spanning from the 5′-UTR to intron 4 ofSPASTin the affected individuals and in one clinically unaffected woman. In three affected patients, the deletion also determined low mRNA levels ofSPASTandDPY30, a component of the Set1-like multiprotein histone methyltransferase complex located upstream, head-to-head withSPAST.Conclusion:Together with data described in a Japanese family, our findings seem to suggest that genes close to spastin might be candidates in modulating the clinical phenotype. This report endorses future research on the role of neighboring genes as potential players in SPG4 disease variability.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Racis_L_Novel_SPAST_deletion_and.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (versione finale pubblicata)
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 681.91 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
681.91 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11388/264240
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact