Background:Helichrysum italicum(Asteraceae) is a small shrub endemic to the Mediterranean Basin, growing in fragmented and diverse habitats. The species has attracted attention due to its secondary metabolite content, but little effort has as yet been dedicated to assessing the genetic and metabolite diversity present in these populations. Here, we describe the diversity of 50H. italicumpopulations collected from a range of habitats in Sardinia.Methods:H. italicumplants were AFLP fingerprinted and the composition of their leaf essential oil characterized by GC-MS. The relationships between the genetic structure of the populations, soil, habitat and climatic variables and the essential oil chemotypes present were evaluated using Bayesian clustering, contingency analyses and AMOVA.Key results:The Sardinian germplasm could be partitioned into two AFLP-based clades. Populations collected from the southwestern region constituted a homogeneous group which remained virtually intact even at high levels of K. The second, much larger clade was more diverse. A positive correlation between genetic diversity and elevation suggested the action of natural purifying selection. Four main classes of compounds were identified among the essential oils, namely monoterpenes, oxygenated monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes and oxygenated sesquiterpenes. Oxygenated monoterpene levels were significantly correlated with the AFLP-based clade structure, suggesting a correspondence between gene pool and chemical diversity.Conclusions:The results suggest an association between chemotype, genetic diversity and collection location which is relevant for the planning of future collections aimed at identifying valuable sources of essential oil.

Genetic and metabolite diversity of Sardinian populations ofHelichrysum italicum / Melito, Sara; Chessa, Mario; Pintore, Giorgio Antonio Mario; Porceddu, Andrea; Sias, Angela; Petretto, Giacomo Luigi. - 8:11(2013). [10.1371/journal.pone.0079043]

Genetic and metabolite diversity of Sardinian populations ofHelichrysum italicum

Melito, Sara;Chessa, Mario;Pintore, Giorgio Antonio Mario;Porceddu, Andrea;Sias, Angela;Petretto, Giacomo Luigi
2013

Abstract

Background:Helichrysum italicum(Asteraceae) is a small shrub endemic to the Mediterranean Basin, growing in fragmented and diverse habitats. The species has attracted attention due to its secondary metabolite content, but little effort has as yet been dedicated to assessing the genetic and metabolite diversity present in these populations. Here, we describe the diversity of 50H. italicumpopulations collected from a range of habitats in Sardinia.Methods:H. italicumplants were AFLP fingerprinted and the composition of their leaf essential oil characterized by GC-MS. The relationships between the genetic structure of the populations, soil, habitat and climatic variables and the essential oil chemotypes present were evaluated using Bayesian clustering, contingency analyses and AMOVA.Key results:The Sardinian germplasm could be partitioned into two AFLP-based clades. Populations collected from the southwestern region constituted a homogeneous group which remained virtually intact even at high levels of K. The second, much larger clade was more diverse. A positive correlation between genetic diversity and elevation suggested the action of natural purifying selection. Four main classes of compounds were identified among the essential oils, namely monoterpenes, oxygenated monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes and oxygenated sesquiterpenes. Oxygenated monoterpene levels were significantly correlated with the AFLP-based clade structure, suggesting a correspondence between gene pool and chemical diversity.Conclusions:The results suggest an association between chemotype, genetic diversity and collection location which is relevant for the planning of future collections aimed at identifying valuable sources of essential oil.
Genetic and metabolite diversity of Sardinian populations ofHelichrysum italicum / Melito, Sara; Chessa, Mario; Pintore, Giorgio Antonio Mario; Porceddu, Andrea; Sias, Angela; Petretto, Giacomo Luigi. - 8:11(2013). [10.1371/journal.pone.0079043]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/262657
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