The clinical spectrum of pericardial effusions varies from innocuous serous fluid to life-threatening hemopericardium. A misdiagnosis may be made by similar clinical presentation of acute chest pain/hypotension. Echocardiography is the first-line test for diagnosis of pericardial effusion and its etiology, but sometimes there are different drawbacks to the correct cardiovascular ultrasound diagnosis. Radiologists are reporting an increasing amount of thoracic Multidetector CT examinations at the emergency department. Multidetector CT has now become an established and complementary method for cardiac imaging, and diseases of the pericardium can now be quickly identified with increasing certainty. The aim of this review is to discuss the hemopericardium key Multidetector CT features in acute clinical setting which indicate the need to proceed with predominantly medical or surgical treatment, however, being able to identify forms of bleeding pericardial effusion for which only “a watch and wait strategy” and/or deferred treatment is indicated. In the emergency care setting, radiologists must be aware of different findings of hemopericardium in order to address a tailored and timely management approach.
Hemopericardium in the acute clinical setting: Are we ready for a tailored management approach on the basis of MDCT findings? / Valente, T.; Pignatiello, M.; Sica, G.; Bocchini, G.; Rea, G.; Cappabianca, S.; Scaglione, M.. - In: LA RADIOLOGIA MEDICA. - ISSN 0033-8362. - 126:4(2021), pp. 527-543. [10.1007/s11547-020-01303-x]