Resternotomy (RS) is a common occurrence in cardiac surgical practice. It is associated with an increased risk of injury to old conduits, cardiac structures, catastrophic hemorrhage and subsequent high morbidity and mortality rate in the operating room or during the recovery period. To mitigate this risk, we evaluated the role of multidetector CT (MDCT) in planning repeat cardiac surgery. We evaluated sternal compartment abnormalities, sternal/ascending aorta distance, pre-reoperative assessment of the aorta (wall, diameters, lumen, valve), sternal/right ventricle distance, diaphragm insertion, pericardium and cardiac chambers, sternal/innominate vein distance, connection of the grafts to the predicted median sternotomy cut, graft patency and anatomic course, possible aortic cannulation and cross-clamping sites and additional non-cardiovascular significant findings. Based on the MDCT findings, surgeons employed tailored operative strategies, including no-touch technique, clamping strategy and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) via peripheral cannulation assisted resternotomy. Our experience suggests that MDCT provides information which contributes to the safety of re-operative heart surgery reducing operative mortality and adverse outcomes. The radiologist must be aware of potential surgical options, including in the report any findings relevant to possible resternotomy complications.

MDCT prior to median re-sternotomy in cardiovascular surgery: Our experiences, infrequent findings and the crucial role of radiological report / Valente, T.; Bocchini, G.; Rossi, G.; Sica, G.; Davison, H.; Scaglione, M.. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY. - ISSN 0007-1285. - 92:1101(2019), p. 20170980. [10.1259/bjr.20170980]

MDCT prior to median re-sternotomy in cardiovascular surgery: Our experiences, infrequent findings and the crucial role of radiological report

Scaglione M.
2019

Abstract

Resternotomy (RS) is a common occurrence in cardiac surgical practice. It is associated with an increased risk of injury to old conduits, cardiac structures, catastrophic hemorrhage and subsequent high morbidity and mortality rate in the operating room or during the recovery period. To mitigate this risk, we evaluated the role of multidetector CT (MDCT) in planning repeat cardiac surgery. We evaluated sternal compartment abnormalities, sternal/ascending aorta distance, pre-reoperative assessment of the aorta (wall, diameters, lumen, valve), sternal/right ventricle distance, diaphragm insertion, pericardium and cardiac chambers, sternal/innominate vein distance, connection of the grafts to the predicted median sternotomy cut, graft patency and anatomic course, possible aortic cannulation and cross-clamping sites and additional non-cardiovascular significant findings. Based on the MDCT findings, surgeons employed tailored operative strategies, including no-touch technique, clamping strategy and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) via peripheral cannulation assisted resternotomy. Our experience suggests that MDCT provides information which contributes to the safety of re-operative heart surgery reducing operative mortality and adverse outcomes. The radiologist must be aware of potential surgical options, including in the report any findings relevant to possible resternotomy complications.
MDCT prior to median re-sternotomy in cardiovascular surgery: Our experiences, infrequent findings and the crucial role of radiological report / Valente, T.; Bocchini, G.; Rossi, G.; Sica, G.; Davison, H.; Scaglione, M.. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY. - ISSN 0007-1285. - 92:1101(2019), p. 20170980. [10.1259/bjr.20170980]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/256407
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