Objective: The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate the safety and effectiveness of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) by using a multiple-electrode switching system to treat unresectable medium-large (3.1-6.0 cm) HCC nodules. Methods: RFA using a multiple-electrode switching system was performed for HCC nodules with size > 3.0 < 6.0 cm in nonsurgical candidates. Two electrodes were consecutively placed for 3.1-4.0 cm tumours, and three electrodes for 4.1-5.9 cm tumours, with a 2.0-2.5 cm spacing. The power was switched from one electrode to the next automatically when the impedance reached 30 Ω above the baseline level. 25 patients (M/F = 9/16; median age 76 years, range 61-84) with liver cirrhosis (20 HCV-positive) in Child's Class A (22 cases) and B (3 cases) and 26 HCC nodules (median diameter 4.0 cm; range 3.2-5.5 cm) underwent treatment in 25 sessions from 2013 and 2018. Therapeutic effectiveness was assessed through CT or MRI exam at 30-40 days post-ablation. Results: No procedure-related death or major complications occurred. Complete ablation was obtained in all nodules (100%). At a median follow up of 30 months, local tumor progression occurred in five out of 26 nodules (19.2%). Overall survival at 4 years was 49%. Conclusion: RFA with a multiple-electrode switching system may be a safe, quick and effective therapeutic option for treatment of 3.1-6.0 cm unresectable HCC tumours. Advances in knowledge: RFA with multiple electrodes provides favourable clinical results in patients with medium-large HCC nodules who are not suitable for surgery.

Long-term follow-up of unresectable medium-large hepatocellular carcinoma nodules treated with radiofrequency ablation using a multiple-electrode switching system / Francica, Giampiero; Altiero, Michele; Laccetti, Ettore; Pezzullo, Filomena; Tanga, Michela; Avitabile, Giuseppe; Elameer, Mathew; Scaglione, Mariano. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY. - ISSN 0007-1285. - 92:1093(2019), p. 20180625. [10.1259/bjr.20180625]

Long-term follow-up of unresectable medium-large hepatocellular carcinoma nodules treated with radiofrequency ablation using a multiple-electrode switching system

Scaglione, Mariano
2019

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate the safety and effectiveness of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) by using a multiple-electrode switching system to treat unresectable medium-large (3.1-6.0 cm) HCC nodules. Methods: RFA using a multiple-electrode switching system was performed for HCC nodules with size > 3.0 < 6.0 cm in nonsurgical candidates. Two electrodes were consecutively placed for 3.1-4.0 cm tumours, and three electrodes for 4.1-5.9 cm tumours, with a 2.0-2.5 cm spacing. The power was switched from one electrode to the next automatically when the impedance reached 30 Ω above the baseline level. 25 patients (M/F = 9/16; median age 76 years, range 61-84) with liver cirrhosis (20 HCV-positive) in Child's Class A (22 cases) and B (3 cases) and 26 HCC nodules (median diameter 4.0 cm; range 3.2-5.5 cm) underwent treatment in 25 sessions from 2013 and 2018. Therapeutic effectiveness was assessed through CT or MRI exam at 30-40 days post-ablation. Results: No procedure-related death or major complications occurred. Complete ablation was obtained in all nodules (100%). At a median follow up of 30 months, local tumor progression occurred in five out of 26 nodules (19.2%). Overall survival at 4 years was 49%. Conclusion: RFA with a multiple-electrode switching system may be a safe, quick and effective therapeutic option for treatment of 3.1-6.0 cm unresectable HCC tumours. Advances in knowledge: RFA with multiple electrodes provides favourable clinical results in patients with medium-large HCC nodules who are not suitable for surgery.
Long-term follow-up of unresectable medium-large hepatocellular carcinoma nodules treated with radiofrequency ablation using a multiple-electrode switching system / Francica, Giampiero; Altiero, Michele; Laccetti, Ettore; Pezzullo, Filomena; Tanga, Michela; Avitabile, Giuseppe; Elameer, Mathew; Scaglione, Mariano. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY. - ISSN 0007-1285. - 92:1093(2019), p. 20180625. [10.1259/bjr.20180625]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/256401
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