The impact of mining activities on spider (Araneae) diversity and assemblages was studied in two abandoned mine sites in Sardinia (Italy), where mining activities started in the middle of the nineteenth century and closed down over a century later. Spider community composition was analysed in dumps, undisturbed forests and scrublands which represent the natural chronosequence following the abandonment of the mining district. The identification of spiders was performed at the lowest taxonomic level possible and differences in abundance, species richness (SR), and functional diversity (FD) were analysed. Nonmetric multidimensional scaling (NMDS) and a permutated multivariate analysis of variance (PERMANOVA) routine were conducted to evaluate the relationships of spider assemblages with land cover, and the indicator species analysis was performed to identify the typifying species. During the entire sampling period, 2312 spiders were captured, and approximately 80% of the total were identified at the species level (79 spider species belonging to 28 different families). No differences in abundance and SR were found, whereas FD, which showed the highest values in forests, significantly differed among sites. A distinct separation among assemblages and a significant effect of the land use on spider assemblages were found (PERMANOVA, R2 = 0.59, p < 0.001). Twelve species were selected as indicator species. Our results underlined the possibility to consider ground-dwelling spiders as a valuable target group for biomonitoring programmes supporting projects of near-natural restoration and/or technical reclamation of mining sites.

A multidiversity approach to investigate the impact of mining exploitation on spider diversity in the abandoned mine district of Montevecchio-Ingurtosu (Sardinia, Italy) / Mannu, R.; Pantini, P.; Sassu, A.; Verdinelli, M.. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 0944-1344. - 27:26(2020), pp. 32615-32627. [10.1007/s11356-020-09553-y]

A multidiversity approach to investigate the impact of mining exploitation on spider diversity in the abandoned mine district of Montevecchio-Ingurtosu (Sardinia, Italy)

Mannu R.
;
2020

Abstract

The impact of mining activities on spider (Araneae) diversity and assemblages was studied in two abandoned mine sites in Sardinia (Italy), where mining activities started in the middle of the nineteenth century and closed down over a century later. Spider community composition was analysed in dumps, undisturbed forests and scrublands which represent the natural chronosequence following the abandonment of the mining district. The identification of spiders was performed at the lowest taxonomic level possible and differences in abundance, species richness (SR), and functional diversity (FD) were analysed. Nonmetric multidimensional scaling (NMDS) and a permutated multivariate analysis of variance (PERMANOVA) routine were conducted to evaluate the relationships of spider assemblages with land cover, and the indicator species analysis was performed to identify the typifying species. During the entire sampling period, 2312 spiders were captured, and approximately 80% of the total were identified at the species level (79 spider species belonging to 28 different families). No differences in abundance and SR were found, whereas FD, which showed the highest values in forests, significantly differed among sites. A distinct separation among assemblages and a significant effect of the land use on spider assemblages were found (PERMANOVA, R2 = 0.59, p < 0.001). Twelve species were selected as indicator species. Our results underlined the possibility to consider ground-dwelling spiders as a valuable target group for biomonitoring programmes supporting projects of near-natural restoration and/or technical reclamation of mining sites.
A multidiversity approach to investigate the impact of mining exploitation on spider diversity in the abandoned mine district of Montevecchio-Ingurtosu (Sardinia, Italy) / Mannu, R.; Pantini, P.; Sassu, A.; Verdinelli, M.. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 0944-1344. - 27:26(2020), pp. 32615-32627. [10.1007/s11356-020-09553-y]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/256166
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