Background In advanced pharyngoesophageal cancer patients, a critical event is represented by the failure of primary reconstruction with exposure of the carotid artery and partial or total defect of the cervical esophagus. For these high-risk patients, a partitioned pectoralis major musculocutaneous (PMMC) flap can prevent carotid blowout and provide skin for simultaneous esophageal reconstruction. Methods Twenty-six patients needing pharyngoesophageal reconstruction together with coverage of carotid artery exposure were included in this retrospective case series. The patients were treated with a partitioned PMMC flap, based on the branching pattern of the pectoral branch of the thoracoacromial artery and the perforators of the pectoralis major muscle, to simultaneously reconstruct the defect and provide coverage for the carotid artery. Results In 25 patients, the partitioned PMMC flap reconstructions resulted in complete wound healing without occurrence of carotid blowout syndrome or fistula formation. Minor complications as partial flap necrosis (7.7%) and strictures formation (7.7%) were recorded but did not compromise reconstruction. Twenty-two patients were able to adopt a semisolid diet, and 4 had recurrence of cancer. Conclusions The partitioned PMMC flap reconstruction represents a useful salvage solution to simultaneously restore the continuity of the alimentary tract and provide reliable coverage for the exposed carotid artery.

Partition of Pectoralis Major Musculocutaneous Flap as a Salvage Procedure for Simultaneous Coverage of the Exposed Carotid Artery and Reconstruction of Cervical Esophagus / Bolletta, A.; Losco, L.; Lin, J.; Oh, C.; Di Taranto, G.; Trignano, E.; Cigna, E.; Chen, H. -C.. - In: ANNALS OF PLASTIC SURGERY. - ISSN 0148-7043. - 87:4(2021), pp. 435-439. [10.1097/SAP.0000000000002895]

Partition of Pectoralis Major Musculocutaneous Flap as a Salvage Procedure for Simultaneous Coverage of the Exposed Carotid Artery and Reconstruction of Cervical Esophagus

Bolletta A.;Trignano E.
;
2021

Abstract

Background In advanced pharyngoesophageal cancer patients, a critical event is represented by the failure of primary reconstruction with exposure of the carotid artery and partial or total defect of the cervical esophagus. For these high-risk patients, a partitioned pectoralis major musculocutaneous (PMMC) flap can prevent carotid blowout and provide skin for simultaneous esophageal reconstruction. Methods Twenty-six patients needing pharyngoesophageal reconstruction together with coverage of carotid artery exposure were included in this retrospective case series. The patients were treated with a partitioned PMMC flap, based on the branching pattern of the pectoral branch of the thoracoacromial artery and the perforators of the pectoralis major muscle, to simultaneously reconstruct the defect and provide coverage for the carotid artery. Results In 25 patients, the partitioned PMMC flap reconstructions resulted in complete wound healing without occurrence of carotid blowout syndrome or fistula formation. Minor complications as partial flap necrosis (7.7%) and strictures formation (7.7%) were recorded but did not compromise reconstruction. Twenty-two patients were able to adopt a semisolid diet, and 4 had recurrence of cancer. Conclusions The partitioned PMMC flap reconstruction represents a useful salvage solution to simultaneously restore the continuity of the alimentary tract and provide reliable coverage for the exposed carotid artery.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11388/254638
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact