Measurement of adolescent life satisfaction across cultures has not received much attention in previous empirical research. The present study evaluated measurement invariance of the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) among adolescents in 24 countries and regions (N = 22,710; age range = 13–19 years; 53% female). A singlefactor model with residual covariance between a pair of items tapping past life satisfaction fitted well in 19 countries and regions and showed a partial metric invariance. In a subset of nine countries and regions, partial scalar invariance was supported. Partial metric invariance across all 24 countries and regions was achieved when custom model modifications in five countries and regions were included. Three SWLS items showed evidence of noninvariance across cultures. The measurement model was found to operate similarly across gender and age. Our findings suggest that caution is needed when using the SWLS for measuring life satisfaction among adolescents from different cultures.
The Satisfaction with Life Scale in Adolescent Samples: Measurement Invariance across 24 Countries and Regions, Age, and Gender / Jovanović, Veljko; Rudnev, Maksim; Arslan, Gökmen; Buzea, Carmen; Dimitrova, Radosveta; Góngora, Vanesa; Guse, Tharina; Ho, Rainbow T. H.; Iqbal, Naved; Jámbori, Szilvia; Jhang, Fang-Hua; Kaniušonytė, Goda; Li, Jingguang; Lim, Young-Jin; Lodi, Ernesto; Mannerström, Rasmus; Marcionetti, Jenny; Neto, Felix; Osin, Evgeny; Park, Joonha; Fonseca-Pedrero, Eduardo; Piotrowski, Jarosław; Proctor, Carmel; Rahmandani, Amalia; Salmela-Aro, Katariina; Ortuño-Sierra, Javier; Stefenel, Delia; Sugimura, Kazumi; Tan, Soon Aun; Wang, Song; Yip, Paul S. F.; Żemojtel-Piotrowska, Magdalena; Žukauskienė, Rita. - In: APPLIED RESEARCH IN QUALITY OF LIFE. - ISSN 1871-2584. - (2022). [10.1007/s11482-021-10024-w]