Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is ubiquitous in nature, and may be a causative agent in severe, life-threatening infections. In <60% of cases, β-lactam antibiotics are used in the therapy of P. aeruginosa infections, therefore the emergence of carbapenem-resistant P. aeruginosa (CRPA) is a significant clinical concern. In this study, phenotypic methods were used to characterize fifty-four (n = 54) P. aeruginosa isolates, which were included based on their suspected non-susceptibility to meropenem. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of meropenem, ceftazidime, cefepime, ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, were determined using E-tests, while colistin MICs were determined using broth microdilution. The isolates were subjected to the modified Hodge test (MHT), the modified carbapenem-inactivation method (mCIM) and the imipenem/ EDTA combined disk test (CDT). AmpC and efflux pump overexpression was studied using agar plates containing cloxacillin and phenylalanine-arginine β-naphthylamide (PAβN), respectively. Assessment of biofilm-formation was carried out using the crystal violet tube-adherence method. 38.9% of the strains showed meropenem MICs in the resistant range (<8 mg/L). Efflux-pump overexpression and AmpC-hyperproduction was seen in 44.4% and 35.2% of isolates, respectively. 88.8% of the isolates were characterized as strong biofilm-producers. On the other hand, the presence of carbapenemases was suspected in a minority (16.7%) of tested isolates. As safe and effective therapeutic options in carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative infections are severely limited, characterization of these isolates using phenotypic and molecular-based methods is important to provide insights into the epidemiological features of these pathogens.
Insights on carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa: Phenotypic characterization of relevant isolates / Gajdacs, M.; Karpati, K.; Stajer, A.; Zanetti, S.; Donadu, M. G.. - In: ACTA BIOLOGICA SZEGEDIENSIS. - ISSN 1588-4082. - 65:1(2021), pp. 105-112. [10.14232/ABS.2021.1.105-112]