Dugesia hepta Pala, Casu & Vacca, 1981 and Dugesia benazzii Lepori, 1951 are two freshwater planarian species from the islands of Corsica and Sardinia. Dugesia hepta is endemic of Sardinia and distributed in four northern hydrographic basins where it co-occurs with D. benazzii, which has a wider Tyrrhenian distribution. Although these species have been broadly studied—especially D. benazzii—as regards to their variety of reproductive patterns as well as for their karyological diversity, little is known about them from a molecular phylogenetic perspective. For the first time, we present a molecular phylogenetic tree of the two species and their populations based on two molecular markers—one mitochondrial, Cox1, and one nuclear, Dunuc12. Our results not only confirm that both species are molecularly distinct but also show that D. benazzii’s Corsican and Sardinian populations could belong to separate species. Furthermore, we present the first demonstration of a natural hybridization between different species in the genus Dugesia on the basis of molecular data.

Dugesia hepta and Dugesia benazzii (Platyhelminthes: Tricladida): two sympatric species with occasional sex? / Dols-Serrate, D.; Leria, L.; Aguilar, J. P.; Stocchino, G. A.; Riutort, M.. - In: ORGANISMS DIVERSITY & EVOLUTION. - ISSN 1439-6092. - 20:3(2020), pp. 369-386. [10.1007/s13127-020-00438-z]

Dugesia hepta and Dugesia benazzii (Platyhelminthes: Tricladida): two sympatric species with occasional sex?

Stocchino G. A.;
2020

Abstract

Dugesia hepta Pala, Casu & Vacca, 1981 and Dugesia benazzii Lepori, 1951 are two freshwater planarian species from the islands of Corsica and Sardinia. Dugesia hepta is endemic of Sardinia and distributed in four northern hydrographic basins where it co-occurs with D. benazzii, which has a wider Tyrrhenian distribution. Although these species have been broadly studied—especially D. benazzii—as regards to their variety of reproductive patterns as well as for their karyological diversity, little is known about them from a molecular phylogenetic perspective. For the first time, we present a molecular phylogenetic tree of the two species and their populations based on two molecular markers—one mitochondrial, Cox1, and one nuclear, Dunuc12. Our results not only confirm that both species are molecularly distinct but also show that D. benazzii’s Corsican and Sardinian populations could belong to separate species. Furthermore, we present the first demonstration of a natural hybridization between different species in the genus Dugesia on the basis of molecular data.
Dugesia hepta and Dugesia benazzii (Platyhelminthes: Tricladida): two sympatric species with occasional sex? / Dols-Serrate, D.; Leria, L.; Aguilar, J. P.; Stocchino, G. A.; Riutort, M.. - In: ORGANISMS DIVERSITY & EVOLUTION. - ISSN 1439-6092. - 20:3(2020), pp. 369-386. [10.1007/s13127-020-00438-z]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/248772
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