131I Single-photon emission computerized tomography/computerized tomography (SPECT/ CT) in the management of patients thyroidectomized for differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) was further investigated. Retrospectively, 106 consecutive DTC patients were enrolled at the first radioiodine ablation, 24 at high risk (H), 61 at low risk (L) and 21 at very low risk (VL).131 I whole-body scan (WBS) and SPECT/CT were performed after therapeutic doses using a hybrid dual-head gamma camera. At ablation, SPECT/CT correctly classified 49 metastases in 17/106 patients with a significantly (p < 0.001) more elevated number than WBS which evidenced 32/49 foci in 13/17 cases. In this case, 86/106 patients could be monitored in the follow-up including 13/17 cases with metastases already at post-therapeutic scans. SPECT/CT after radioiodine diagnostic doses more correctly than WBS ascertained disease progression in 4/13 patients, stable disease in other 4/13 cases and disease improvement in the remaining 5/13 cases. Further 13/86 patients with only residues at post-therapeutic scans showed at SPECT/CT 16 neck lymph node (LN) metastases, three unclear and 13 occult at WBS. Significant involvement of some tissue risk factors with metastasis appearance was observed, such as minimal extrathyroid tumor extension and neck LN metastases. These risk factors should be carefully considered in DTC patient follow-up where131 I-SPECT/CT routinely use is suggested as a support tool of WBS.

The diagnostic usefulness of131i-spect/ct at both radioiodine ablation and during long-term follow-up in patients thyroidectomized for differentiated thyroid carcinoma: Analysis of tissue risk factors ascertained at surgery and correlated with metastasis appearance / Spanu, A.; Nuvoli, S.; Marongiu, A.; Gelo, I.; Mele, L.; De Vito, A.; Rondini, M.; Madeddu, G.. - In: DIAGNOSTICS. - ISSN 2075-4418. - 11:8(2021), p. 1504. [10.3390/diagnostics11081504]

The diagnostic usefulness of131i-spect/ct at both radioiodine ablation and during long-term follow-up in patients thyroidectomized for differentiated thyroid carcinoma: Analysis of tissue risk factors ascertained at surgery and correlated with metastasis appearance

Spanu A.
;
Nuvoli S.;Marongiu A.;Gelo I.;Mele L.;De Vito A.;Rondini M.;Madeddu G.
2021

Abstract

131I Single-photon emission computerized tomography/computerized tomography (SPECT/ CT) in the management of patients thyroidectomized for differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) was further investigated. Retrospectively, 106 consecutive DTC patients were enrolled at the first radioiodine ablation, 24 at high risk (H), 61 at low risk (L) and 21 at very low risk (VL).131 I whole-body scan (WBS) and SPECT/CT were performed after therapeutic doses using a hybrid dual-head gamma camera. At ablation, SPECT/CT correctly classified 49 metastases in 17/106 patients with a significantly (p < 0.001) more elevated number than WBS which evidenced 32/49 foci in 13/17 cases. In this case, 86/106 patients could be monitored in the follow-up including 13/17 cases with metastases already at post-therapeutic scans. SPECT/CT after radioiodine diagnostic doses more correctly than WBS ascertained disease progression in 4/13 patients, stable disease in other 4/13 cases and disease improvement in the remaining 5/13 cases. Further 13/86 patients with only residues at post-therapeutic scans showed at SPECT/CT 16 neck lymph node (LN) metastases, three unclear and 13 occult at WBS. Significant involvement of some tissue risk factors with metastasis appearance was observed, such as minimal extrathyroid tumor extension and neck LN metastases. These risk factors should be carefully considered in DTC patient follow-up where131 I-SPECT/CT routinely use is suggested as a support tool of WBS.
The diagnostic usefulness of131i-spect/ct at both radioiodine ablation and during long-term follow-up in patients thyroidectomized for differentiated thyroid carcinoma: Analysis of tissue risk factors ascertained at surgery and correlated with metastasis appearance / Spanu, A.; Nuvoli, S.; Marongiu, A.; Gelo, I.; Mele, L.; De Vito, A.; Rondini, M.; Madeddu, G.. - In: DIAGNOSTICS. - ISSN 2075-4418. - 11:8(2021), p. 1504. [10.3390/diagnostics11081504]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11388/248451
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