This research has two aims: (i) to characterize the coding sequence of the SREBP-1 gene in dairy sheep in order to investigate possible relationships between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and milk traits; and (ii) to investigate possible relationship between SREBP-1 gene expression and nucleotide variation. Four hundred adult and multiparous lactating Sarda breed ewes were selected from two farms. Milk samples were collected from Day 30 to Day 150 of lactation to determine the mean yield, somatic cell count, lactose, fat, and protein content of the milk. RNA was extracted from the milk samples, after which the SREBP-1 gene coding regions were amplified and sequenced to scan mutations. Whilst eight SNPs were identified, none had statistically significant association with the analysed milk traits. Moreover, the identified expression patterns were not affected by the SNP or combined genotypes. High SREBP-1 gene expression levels were found to be correlated with high milk fat content (P <0.01), indicating the crucial role of this gene in the milk fat synthesis. In conclusion, the polymorphisms found within SREBP-1 gene exhibited no significant associations with milk traits or with individual REBP-1 mRNA expression patterns. The findings thus suggest that this small genetic variability may derive from the selection carried out in Sarda breed to improve milk yield.
Improving dairy performance through molecular characterization of SREBP-1 gene in Sarda sheep breed / Carcangiu, V.; Luridiana, S.; Pulinas, L.; Di Stefano, M. V.; Cosso, G.; Mura, M. C.. - In: HELIYON. - ISSN 2405-8440. - 7:3(2021), p. e06489. [10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e06489]