Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the most common mesenchymal malignancy of the gastrointestinal tract. We provide in the present article the molecular characterization of a series of primary GISTs in a cohort of Sardinian patients (Italy), with the aim to describe the patterns of KIT and PDGFRa mutations and the corresponding clinical features. Ninety-nine Sardinian patients with histologically-proven diagnosis of GIST were included in the study. Medical records and pathology reports were used to assess the demographic and clinical features of the patients and the disease at the time of the diagnosis. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue samples were retrieved for each case, and mutation analysis of the KIT and PDGFRa genes was performed. KIT and PDGFRa mutations were detected in 81.8% and 5% of the cases, respectively. The most common KIT mutation was W557_K558del in exon 11, while D842V in exon 18 was the most common PDGFRa genetic alteration; V561D was the only PDGFRa mutation found in exon 12. The global "wild-type" cases, with no mutations in either the KIT or PDGFRa genes, were 13 (13.1%). The mean survival of those patients was approximately 46.9 (±43.9) months. Globally, 86.9% of Sardinian patients with GIST had a KIT or PDGFRa mutation; the former were more frequent in comparison with other Italian cohorts, while PDGFRa mutations were rare. No statistical differences in survival between mutated and wild-type cases, and between KIT and PDGFRa mutated cases were detected in our study.
KIT and PDGFRa mutational patterns in Sardinian patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors / Palomba, G.; Paliogiannis, P.; Sini, M. C.; Colombino, M.; Casula, M.; Manca, A.; Pisano, M.; Sotgiu, G.; Doneddu, V.; Palmieri, G.; Cossu, A.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CANCER PREVENTION. - ISSN 0959-8278. - 30:1(2021), pp. 53-58. [10.1097/CEJ.0000000000000581]